The liver, one of the largest organs of the human body, is also one of the most likely sites in the body to be affected by a disease. Being the organ that performs a number of vital functions, the liver is exposed to a number of substances that can cause malfunctioning.
One of the major functions of the liver is to filter your blood and ensure that the toxins are removed and the required vitamins and minerals are stored for use of the body. With the organ coming in contact with various toxic and at times very dangerous substances in this process, it is bound to be vulnerable. Another important function of the liver is to produce the digestive enzymes and store some important substances like Vitamin B12, glucose and iron. There are chances that there will be some substances introduced into the organ to hinder these processes, leading to the organ being infected by some diseases.
Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E along with fatty liver diseases and liver Cirrhosis are amongst the most common diseases that affect this organ.
The causes and the preventive measures one can take for these diseases are as follows:
#1 Hepatitis A and E
These diseases are normally caused by consuming contaminated or infected food. The contamination in the food could lead to the liver being exposed to a high quantity of toxins that cause damage to the organ. They can also be transmitted on coming in contact with an infected person. The best way to prevent these diseases is to always be careful of what you consume and maintain hygiene at all times. It is understandable that one cannot look out for each of the food items without turning downright paranoid, but a certain level of precaution is always advised.
#2 Hepatitis B, C and D
Exposure to infected blood, affected family members, sexual contact or child birth are few of the prominent causes of these diseases. Proper vaccination before hand, practicing safe sex and avoiding the use shared needles, razors or toothbrushes are some of the steps that one can take to prevent these diseases.
#3 Fatty Liver Diseases
There a number of diseases that can be classified into this category. These diseases are caused by accumulation of fat from alcoholic and non-alcoholic substances.
The fat clusters result in swelling up of the liver.
This disease can be chromic and reversible in a number of cases with the organ once swollen up not being able to regain its normal functions. Diabetes can also contribute in the organ being affected by these diseases. The steps to be taken to prevent them include normalizing the blood sugar levels with proper treatment, diet moderation and keeping your weight in check.
#4 Liver Cirrhosis
This is a chronic disease and the damage once done can’t be reversed.
The main cause of Cirrhosis is excessive consumption of alcohol. Heavy intake of alcoholic products causes damage to the liver cells and may also lead to hepatitis. Lowering the amounts of alcohol consumed or stopping consumption altogether in cases of some already existing liver problems are the steps that are a must for preventing this fatal disease.
A majority of times, liver diseases are potentially incurable, with the detection of the diseases happening at a much later stage. It is only on a few occasions that the symptoms of such a disease surface at an early stage when the disease is acute and curable. The best way to handle liver problems is to stick to the age-old adage of “Prevention is better than cure”.