Burning urination or painful urination is medically referred to as dysuria. And it may be a caused by multiple factors. It may occur during urination or shortly afterwards. Women are more prone to this condition, since they have shorter urethras and there is close proximity of the urinary tract to the anus and vagina, both of which are rich in micro flora.
There can be many reasons, as to why the patient feels burning sensation after urination. One of the primary causes is an infection in any part of the urinary tract. It may affect different organs of the urinary tract like urethra, bladder, ureters and kidneys.
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
It is primarily caused by pathogens which gain access to the urinary tract and connected structures. Apart from burning sensation, other accompanying symptoms include
- Pain in the abdomen, which increases during urination
- Cloudy or turbid urine bearing a foul smell
- Discomfort around the pelvic region
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)
Apart from UTI’s, even diseases caused by sexual intercourse may be marked by increased burning sensation during urination. Bacteria like genital herpes, chlamydia and gonorrhoea may be involved in these conditions. Other symptoms of an STI are:
- Unusual vaginal discharge
- Sores on the genital
- Itchiness, in addition to the burning feeling
Vaginal infections like a yeast infection not only cause burning sensation, but as well as itchiness and redness around the vagina. Other symptoms of a yeast infection are:
- Unusual thick vaginal discharge
- Pain and burning during sexual intercourse
- Itching and tenderness around the external genitalia
It affects men whose urethra is narrowed due to tissue inflammation; this affects complete removal of urine from the body. This will lead to burning sensation during urine passage.
What to do for Burning After Urination?
The usual course of treatment involves antibiotics that your physician would prescribe. It is essential to complete the full treatment regimen prescribed to make sure it works. Few general measures that can help reduce or mitigate the symptoms include:
- Consume plenty of water which helps in flushing out the infection.
- Do not hold back your urine and urinate whenever the urge strikes. Holding in your urine in search of convenient time or place may further aggravate the symptoms.
- Few alkalinisers may also help in counteracting the acidity and mitigate burning sensation, but seek medical advice before starting any medicated products.
- Cranberry juice has been the known conventional ingredient which interferes with bacterial multiplication and is indicated for people with recurrent infections.