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The global pharmaceutical company Allergan received approval to use botulinum toxin Type A from the Food and Drug Administration in 1978 for medical use. It has been originally applied by Ophthalmologists to rectify eye plastid disorders. The botulinum toxin then became a worldwide trend in the field of medicine and cosmetics.
Can you Get Botox around the Eyes?
Yes, it can be injected around the eyes. Botulinum Toxin was first tested by ophthalmologist Alan Scott to help a patient undergo a trial surgery concerning double vision. Scott used a tamed form of the toxin with an injection procedure directly into the patient’s eye muscles.
Following an unprecedented success with the surgical operation, Alan Scott became known as the forerunner with the use of Botulinum toxin. A decade later, the toxin with its potential was bought by a pharmaceutical company called Allergan. It was approved by the Federal Drug Administration for use after successful clinical trials conducted with the University of Illinois.
The toxin now popularly termed as Botox received worldwide recognition to treat health disorders concerning the eyes. Botox developed further as a cosmetics drug along with other medical applications. There are numerous articles you can peruse for further reading, for example Ethos Spa has a great article on Botox for the area around the eyes, about various medical usage of Botox
The introduction of Botox into targeted muscles temporarily paralyzes their ability to stretch, which reduces the appearance of dynamic wrinkles. It is most commonly injected at the upper third fraction of the human face, specifically into the eleven lines between both eyebrows, the crow’s feet, and horizontal forehead creases.
How does Botox Work?
After Botox is injected into the muscles, it blocks the nerve impulses that cause certain muscle strands to contract. In short, it paralyzes muscle groups and certain nerves. This effect from the toxin was isolated by using a tamed form known as Botulinum Toxin type A.
Botox binds itself to receptors in skeletal muscle tissue, nerve endings, smooth muscle, and the brain. This prevents the release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. This stops the transmission of nerve signals from the muscle groups to the brain, paralyzing the muscles for a short duration.
Where does Botox come from?
Botulinum toxin is extracted from spores of the bacteria Clostridium Botulinum. They are found within clusters of sediments that form around the intestinal tracts of some animals and fish. It is known as one of the most poisonous toxins to exist on the planet, commonly causing botulism a fatal illness. Botulism is a deadly disease that begins with symptoms ranging from blurred vision, fatigue, weakness, and speech disabilities.
Applications of Botox
1. Medical Applications
Botox was approved by the Federal Drug Administration in 1978 and tested with trials at the University of Illinois. Most of these experiments focused on treating eye muscle disorders. Botox now has several applications that tend to different health conditions.
- Eye Muscle Hyperactivity
- Ocular Dystonias
- Chronic Migraine
- Overactive Bladder
- Muscular Spasm Control
2. Cosmetic Applications
Allergan, a pharmaceutical company, purchased the distribution rights of Botox in 1991. The company initially marketed the toxin as Oculinum. They were first interested in treatment applications concerning benign essential blepharospasm and cervical dystonia.
Today, Botox is used in the field of cosmetic surgery.
- Smoothing of Facial Wrinkles
- Prevention of Eye Muscle Wrinkles
- Forehead lines
- Crow’s feet
- Frown Lines
Botox vials used in cosmetic surgeries are composed of three main ingredients:
- Botulinum Toxin Type A (Tamed Toxin Version)
- Human Albumin
- Sodium Chloride
You can read:[highlight color=”yellow”]5 Most Common Eye Problems Explained[/highlight]
Duration of Botox after Injection
If Botulinum toxin is injected around the eyes and other facial muscles, it could take a minimum timeframe of three to seven days before it could take effect. Sometimes, it could take several months before results would appear. After injection, patients have observed that botox lasts a duration of three to four months before it wears off.
Sometimes, surgical treatments of botox applied to eye muscles do not completely resolve under-eye wrinkles. It only functions to soften their appearance. The wrinkles are caused mainly by skin aging, thinning, and laxity. Natural occurrences that botox could not really fix.
Botox is derived from Botulinum Toxin from the bacteria Clostridium Botulinum. Now mixed with other ingredients, it now has global applications with medical and cosmetic fields. Botox was originally intended to cure ocular conditions and can be injected surgically to prevent the appearance of facial wrinkles, particularly around the eye muscle groups of a patient.
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