Weight-loss surgery is not only about having a procedure, but it’s also about making lifestyle changes to lose weight and maintain your weight loss for the rest of your life, so this is a decision to take very seriously. The goal of having this surgery is to achieve your desired weight loss, improve your health & most important, maintain it.
This is not just for quick weight loss, although that will happen, you need to achieve and maintain these goals, you must learn what and how to eat balanced & portion-controlled meals, find time for regular exercise, and, last but not the least, you must make these commitments for the rest of your life. It is also called Bariatric Surgery, is a major decision for anyone, and it’s important to understand the risks and benefits so you can make an informed decision about whether or not the procedure is right for you. There are various surgical procedures, but all of them help you lose weight by limiting how much food you can eat. Some procedures also limit the nutrients you can absorb. Weight-loss surgery is only one part of an overall treatment plan. treatment will also include nutrition guidelines, exercise & mental health care. You need to be willing and able to follow this long-term plan to achieve your weight-loss goals. The procedures restrict the amount of food that can be eaten or shortens the digestive tract to limit the calories that are absorbed. Either way, the extra weight disappears. In 6 to 12 months, you lose 60-80% of excess body weight.
The impact can be substantial. Here are 5 important things to bariatric surgconsideringery:
- There are specific eligibility requirements for bariatric surgery. To be considered for weight loss surgery, a patient must have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher or a BMI of 35-40 along with a related health condition such as uncontrolled medical problems associated with obesity. Common conditions are hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, sleep apnea, arthritis, and some forms of cancer, at least 6 months of supervised weight-loss attempts.
- Weight loss shouldn’t be the only goal. Bariatric surgery has been shown to improve or resolve many obesity-related conditions including type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Losing weight is important, but improving or resolving some of these medical conditions can lead to a healthier lifestyle and a healthier you. Losing weight will give you the confidence to do physical activities or wear clothes you haven’t worn in years. It helps re-engage with life and get back into healthy activities.
- Learn as much as you can to reduce fear of the unknown by talking to people who understand the surgery and process inside and out.
- Bariatric surgery changes your relationship with food. What is fascinating about this surgery is that it really changes the way your body sees and processes food. Hormones that are associated with feeling hungry or feeling full are getting altered with either of the surgical options available. This fundamental change in metabolism is why surgery is so effective.
- You will need support over your lifetime. The most effective bariatric surgery programs offer guidance from a team of specialists for the rest of your life. This isn’t just a surgery where you fix your shoulder or your knee and send you on your way. The first few months after surgery are the most important, but that doesn’t mean you won’t need support further down the road. How you feel one year after surgery could be completely different than how you feel five or 10 years after surgery. You should choose a program that will offer life-long support services. And it’s important to remember that the changes you may feel over time are normal.
What Should I Expect Before the Surgery?
Your doctors may ask you to lose some weight before surgery to show your commitment to change and to improve your health. Some surgeons ask people to try to lose 15 – 30 pounds before surgery.
If you smoke, the doctor will likely tell you to quit, both for your long-term health and to cut the chances of problems with the procedure. Smokers are more likely to have complications, such as pneumonia, from surgery.
You may also meet with a Dietitian about changing the way you eat. When people start building better food habits before surgery — eating smaller portions, eating slowly, paying closer attention to the nutritional makeup of meals — they often adapt better to life after surgery. The process may also require a psychological evaluation.
What Are the Risks?
All surgeries carry some risk of infection or blood clots. Being obese makes complications more likely, particularly if you have early signs of diabetes or heart disease. You should get a thorough checkup to find any potential problems before surgery. There’s also a chance of nutritional deficiencies such as anemia, osteoporosis, vitamin B deficiencies, etc. Your Dietitian will want to monitor your nutritional health with regular checkups as well as have you follow a healthy diet and exercise plan that may include taking supplements.
The surgery may result in dumping syndrome, which occurs when food moves too quickly through the stomach and intestines. Dumping syndrome can cause shaking, sweating, dizziness, nausea, and severe diarrhea. The surgery permanently changes how your body digests food.
Over time, some people regain weight despite bariatric surgery. Some eat high-calorie or high-fat foods instead of healthy foods & eat them too often. Some people rely on “soft meals” such as ice cream and milkshakes. The body itself may change over time, too, leading to weight gain. The digestive tract might begin absorbing more calories. Even the size of your surgical stomach can expand gradually over time.
To keep the weight off, you need to work at it. Here are some tips:
- Eat very small meals. chew well, and eat lots of protein.
- Make nutrition a priority. Good nutrition is critically important. You must also take the right supplements, as recommended by your dietitian because serious malnutrition occurs easily following weight loss surgery.
- Exercise regularly. Many obese people aren’t used to exercise, but it’s very important to prevent weight regain. The good news is Once you start losing weight, exercise will get easier but Excess skin can be an issue & corrective surgery is costly.
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