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Hair transplant techniques were initially established in Japan in the 1930s, when surgeons utilized grafts to help burn sufferers recover their eyebrows, eyelashes, and scalp hair. It wasn’t until the 1950s that dermatologist Dr Norman Orentreich planted the first grafts in balding areas that it became a treatment for male pattern baldness. Follicular unit transplantation (FUT), also known as strip harvesting, became the first widely used method of hair transplantation after then.
Here in this article, Dr. Gajanan Jadhao who is known for best hair transplant in Hyderabad will discuss the types of hair transplant along with the recent advancement in the field of hair transplant in Pune.
Types Of Hair Transplant
Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)
FUT is a procedure in which a strip of hair is surgically taken from the back or side of the scalp, then the surgeon extracts and replants follicular unit grafts (one to four hairs) in the balding area using extremely small micro blades or fine needles. The biggest disadvantage of this treatment is that it leaves a scar in the donor area, which is apparent if the patient has short hair.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
Individual follicular unit grafts, containing one to four hairs, are removed under local anaesthesia using tiny punches in modern FUE treatment. Using a fine needle, the grafts are replanted in the donor location over the course of one day. Most surgeons can perform up to 4000 graft transplants in a single day, while most operations require between 1500 and 3000 grafts. FUE is far more time-consuming than FUT, and as a result, it is significantly more expensive, costing roughly 50% more per surgery.
Over the last five years, new hair transplantation techniques have emerged. Some of the major advancements in the field of hair transplant in Pune are listed below-
Robotic Hair Transplant
In the last seven years, robotic hair restoration machines have been created to assist in follicle extraction in FUE. These robotic transplants’ efficacy has yet to be determined. Early research into the effectiveness of robotic surgery suggests that transection rates are higher than those seen with manual surgery. According to the history and research part of the Wikipedia entry about FUE, robotic transection rates were as high as 6-15 percent. For a more complete picture, more research is required. While the robot eliminates much of the tedious process of extracting the grafts, there are certain drawbacks when compared to more manual procedures, including the larger punch size, which leads to more scarring. The machines are costly, which has an impact on patient spending.
Scalp micropigmentation (SMP)
SMP is a non-invasive treatment for concealing baldness that was developed in the previous ten years. SMP entails having tiny dots tattooed on your scalp that simulate stubble or a short ‘crew’ cut. There are no scars, and it can be used to disguise transplant scars or small areas of thinning hair to make it appear denser. It is a viable alternative for males who have alopecia universalis (total hair loss) and no natural donor hair for hair transplantation.
SMP tattooing does not penetrate the skin as deeply as traditional tattooing, and the color can be customized to match your current hair color and skin tone. The biggest disadvantage is that the tattoos fade after about 18 months and must be replaced.
Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy (PRP)
PRP therapy for hair loss entails taking a patient’s own blood, centrifuge processing it to separate the enhanced cells (PRP), and then injecting these cells back into the scalp. Proteins in PRP help to promote natural hair growth. Hair transplant surgery or clinically established hair loss medications like Propecia and Minoxidil can be used in conjunction with this treatment. Physicians in South Korea released data supporting the clinical application of PRP in hair regrowth in a recent study published in Dermatologic Surgery. The study’s goal was to look at the effects of PRP on hair growth. The findings were encouraging, indicating that PRP was effective.
Hair transplantation has a promising future. In the coming years, FUE will continue to dominate the category, while FUT will always have a position because FUE is not suitable for all patients. New stem cell procedures and hair cloning are still in their infancy, and in the next five years, they are unlikely to have a big influence on patients. In the long run, however, they may be able to help surgeons as well as provide new options for people suffering from hair loss.
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