Submucosal Fibroid: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Are you suffering from painful submucosal fibroids? Discover their causes, symptoms, and possible treatments with this comprehensive beginner's guide.

Submucosal Fibroid: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments
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Although not all fibroids create symptoms when they do, such signs may include painful sex, frequent urination, back discomfort, and heavy menstrual bleeding. Larger fibroids can be treated with medication or surgery, but smaller fibroids frequently don't require treatment. Uterine fibroids can cause many symptoms, and you might not experience the same symptoms as another woman with fibroids. Your treatment option for Submucosal fibroid will be based on your particular circumstance because fibroids can be individual.Let's scrutinize it further. 

Submucosal fibroids are a risk for whom?

Submucosal fibroidYour likelihood of having fibroids may be influenced by several risk factors. These may consist of the following:
  • Obesity and higher body weight than what is deemed healthy for you (more than 20% over).
  • Fibroids run in the family.
  • Not being a parent.
  • Early menstrual cycle start 
  • Menopause at a late age.

Submucosal fibroid Symptoms - 

For many women with fibroids, there are none. It depends upon the size of fibroids given in the following:
  • extreme menstrual bleeding
  • more prolonged than a week's worth of menstrual cycles
  • Pelvic pressure or discomfort
  • often urinating
  • bladder emptying challenges
  • Constipation
  • Leg or back discomfort
  • Rarely when a fibroid overtakes its blood supply and starts to die, it can produce severe pain.
  • Bleeding in between cycles.
  • Bloating or a lower abdominal fullness sensation.
  • Suffering when having sex.
  • A sore back.
  • Persistent vaginal leaking
  • Your abdomen will appear pregnant-looking due to increased abdominal distention (enlargement).

How do fibroids develop?

Various names refer to the areas of the uterus where your fibroids are found. These names indicate the fibroid's location as well as its attachment.Fibroids can develop in many locations inside and outside your uterus. Which sort of treatment will work best for you or if treatment is required will depend on where, how big, and how many fibroids you have.
  • Submucosal fibroids: In this situation, the fibroids develop inside the uterus cavity, where a developing fetus is housed during pregnancy. Imagine the growths descending into the uterus's center, where there is currently a space.
  • Intramural fibroids: These tumors grow inside the uterus's wall. Think of the uterus' sides as the walls of a house. Within this muscular wall, the fibroids are expanding.
  • Subserosal fibroids: This time, these fibroids are situated on the outside of the uterus and are intimately related to the exterior wall of the uterus.
  • Pedunculated fibroids: The least frequent fibroids are also seen outside the uterus. On the other hand, pedunculated fibroids have a short stem that connects them to the uterus. Since they have a stalk before a much more comprehensive top, they are frequently compared to mushrooms.

Uterine fibroids: how are they identified?

Frequently, fibroids are initially identified during a routine visit with your doctor. They can be detected during prenatal care or a gynecologic exam and felt during a pelvic exam. Numerous tests can be performed to identify the size to confirm their presence. These tests might be:
  1. Ultrasonography - Using sound waves, this non-invasive imaging procedure paints an image of your interior organs. The ultrasound procedure can be carried out either transvaginally or transabdominally, depending on the. 
  2. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) - This produces precise images of your interior organs using magnets and radio waves.
  3. Computed tomography (CT) - A CT scan creates a detailed image of your inside organs from various angles using X-ray images.
  4. Hysteroscopy - During a hysteroscopy, your doctor will look at the fibroids inside your uterus using a scope that is a flexible camera on its end. The scope is inserted into your uterus after passing through your cervix and vagina.
  5. Hysterosalpingography (HSG) - This detailed X-ray involves injecting contrast material, after which uterine X-rays are taken. This is more frequently applied to those who are also having infertility testing.
  6. Sonohysterography - In this procedure, a tiny catheter is inserted transvaginally, and saline is administered into the uterine cavity through the catheter. With the help of the additional fluid, your uterus can be seen more clearly than during a typical ultrasound.
Your doctor will make a tiny cut (incision) into your abdominal area to perform a laparoscopy. A little elastic tube with a camera on the end will be inserted to take a close-up look at your inside organs.

Treatment options for Submucosal fibroid - 

Your future fertility objectives will also influence your optimal course of treatment. Some treatment choices might not be available to you if you intend to have children in the future. When discussing treatment choices, let your healthcare professional know how you feel about fertility and your long-term objectives. The following are some possible uterine fibroids treatments:
  • Medications

  1. OTC pain relievers: These drugs can treat the pain and discomfort brought on by fibroids. Ibuprofen and acetaminophen are two examples of OTC drugs.
  2. Iron supplements: Your doctor could advise you to prescribe an iron supplement due to excessive bleeding.
  3. Birth control: It helps to control symptoms that are heavy bleeding and menstrual cramps. There are various birth control options such as oral contraceptive pills, intravaginal contraception, injections, and (IUDs).
  4. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists: These medications can be taken via a nasal spray or injection and work by shrinking your fibroids. It is important to shrink the fibroid before surgery so that it becomes easier for the doctor to remove it.
  • Fibroid Surgery

When discussing the various fibroid surgery options, there are several things to remember. Your aspirations for future pregnancies can significantly determine the type of surgery, size, location, and number of fibroids. While some surgical procedures can either harm or remove the uterus, some protect the uterus and allow you to conceive in the future.
  1. Myomectomy - Your doctor can remove the fibroids with a myomectomy without harming your uterus. There are various myomectomy procedures. You may benefit most from a particular procedure depending on how many, how big, and where your fibroids are located.
  2. Hysteroscopy - This procedure involves passing a scope, which resembles a thin, flexible tube, via the cervix and vagina and into the uterus. During this surgery, no incisions are made. Your doctor will use the scope to snip the fibroids during the surgery. Your doctor will then remove the fibroids.
  3. Laparoscopy - During a laparoscopy treatment for uterine fibroids, your doctor will use a scope to cut out the fibroids. Unlike hysteroscopy, this treatment necessitates making a few tiny incisions in your belly. The scope will enter and exist in your body in this manner. Another option is to use a robot to help with this process.
During a laparotomy, an incision is made in your belly, and the fibroids are removed through this single, more significant cut. Also, Read What Causes a Cyst in the Ovaries During Pregnancy?

FAQs - 

Outlook - 

The problem of uterine fibroids is one that many people deal with daily. Fibroids can occasionally be tiny and have no symptoms at all. Sometimes fibroids might produce difficult symptoms. If you feel any discomfort or pain, consult your healthcare professional. Fibroids may be treated, and your symptoms will get better frequently.

Frequently Asked Questions

What signs and symptoms are present in submucosal fibroids?

The causes, symptoms, and therapies of the submucosal fibroid are shown in the image. Submucosal fibroids symptoms include solid menstrual bleeding that is excessive. Extended or otherwise erratic times. Passing blood clots frequently. Acute anemia. Stomach, pelvic, and back pain. Weariness and dizziness

Which method of care is ideal for the submucosal fibroid?

When necessary, endoscopic (hysteroscopic and laparoscopic) techniques are preferable to remove fibroid tumors. Heavy monthly bleeding can be treated safely and effectively with hysteroscopic resection in the presence of submucosal fibroids, which prevents the need for more extensive surgery like a hysterectomy.