Ever since robotics surgery became popular, the medical fraternity has revealed the immense possibilities of making specialized surgery processes automated through the use of the main machine in this technology – the da Vinci robot.

Practitioners of robotic surgery in India, China, Japan and other developing countries are able to put the process as the main controller of multiple minimally invasive surgical procedures. The main aim of having laparoscopic surgery automatically regulated by a da Vinci robot is to combine two or more surgical processes within the span of one such process.

In order to understand the various aspects of da Vinci robotic surgery, it becomes highly important to thoroughly learn about the main machine that operates on patients. Here is a complete description of the da Vinci robotic system with mention of its various parts and accessories.

The robot has the following main parts:

Surgeon’s Console

The surgeon’s console is ergonomically designed to allow the main surgeon in the team to sit and study the operation as it progresses in an automated fashion. The surgeon uses this console to control the efficiency of the arms as they go about the surgery, and also visualizes the internal organs on a three-dimensional magnified screen. The surgeon is able to use master controls that operate in the same manner as forceps. As the controls are manipulated by the surgeon, the da Vinci robotic system translates the input from the surgeon into real-time instrument action that emulates the wrist, hand and finger movements of the surgeon precisely.

Patient Cart with Interactive Arms

The interactive arms on the patient side cart are enabled to hold three laparoscopic instruments to be used in the surgery and a 3D camera that captures the internal anatomy of the target body part. The scope of using the miniature instruments is large, as there are multiple instruments compatible with the arms and can be used to perform specialized surgical tasks.

High performance Vision Process

Backed by the 3D camera and a sturdy lighting system, the high performance vision apparatus projects the details of the internal organs to the surgeon through precise images projected on the screen of the surgeon’s console. The system helps the surgeon determine how the surgery must be conducted efficiently, which leads to him generating master control inputs appropriate to the condition helping him complete the surgery efficiently, which is one of the many advantages of robotics surgery.

Endowrist Instruments

Endowrist instruments mimic the fine hand movements of surgeons. These are patented laparoscopic instruments provided by da Vinci makers. They are of different sizes and can be used to perform different surgical tasks. A surgeon can replace Endowrist instruments multiple number of times during a robotic surgery and complete multiple surgical tasks to complete the operation. The instruments have to be physically replaced at the site of the attachment to the arms.

The da Vinci robot is a combination of human dexterity and robotic intelligence which gives teams of surgeons an easy go at completing more number of minimally invasive surgeries in a day than they manually would. The main aspects of the robotic system are discussed here in this article with focus on how the surgeon interacts and controls the apparatus’ various parts.

Thus, the da Vinci robot is one of the best solutions to all minimally invasive surgeries and therefore, its entry is being heralded as the beginning of the future of automated surgeries in medical history. Surgeons find them easy to use, time efficient and highly accurate. Therefore, it would not be a surprise if the use of da Vinci systems in operation theaters becomes more and more common.


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