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For a person suffering from coronary artery disease, the arteries in the heart may completely or partially be blocked by a sticky material called plaque, and this blocks the blood flow.
Coronary Angioplasty is a non-surgical procedure to unblock the coronary arteries that are narrowed by plaque buildup, and restore the blood flow to the heart muscles.Typically, a catheter placed on a guide wire is inserted inside the blocked artery to help widen it.
Angioplasty is also called Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) and Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA).
Based on the type of instrument used, the procedure can be categorized into
Angioplasty is generally combined with stent placement to support the walls of the artery and prevent it closing again.
This procedure is recommended by the doctor to treat coronary artery disease called atherosclerosis. This condition leads to building up of a sticky material in the coronary arteries, leading to reduction in blood flow to heart muscles.
If multiple arteries are clogged with plaque, then the doctor might suggest Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG), commonly called Bypass Surgery.
Angioplasty is a step-by-step process. There are quite a few preparations that are required to be done.
First step is Angiography, a diagnostic test to precisely determine the narrowed areas and the severity of the plaque formation. The test result acts as a “road map” for the doctor to plan the best treatment strategy. Besides, the result also suggests how soon angioplasty needs to be done on the patient.
In the procedure a catheter is directed to the heart by threading it through the blood vessels. A special contrast dye is injected into the coronary artery that shows up in the X-ray images.
After angiograpy, the doctor will
Angioplasty is performed by an experienced cardiologist, and depending on the severity of the condition can last upto 90 minutes.
During the procedure
The patient has to stay atleast for a day in the hospital, during which the heart condition is closely monitored. Complete recovery generally takes about 6 to 8 weeks.
After the procedure, the doctor will recommend