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Orthopedics is a branch of medicine with primary focus on ailments, diseases and injuries related to joints, bones and muscles. In ancient times, orthopedists or orthopedic doctors were only required to correct birth defects like scoliosis and clubfoot along with manipulating the bones and joints in order to restore alignments. They would also apply casts and braces in order to keep the structure of the body rigid for a faster healing process.
In modern era, orthopedic doctors also treat osteoporosis, back pain, ruptured discs, foot problems, curvature and anything related to bones, joints, ligaments, tendons or muscles.
Orthopedics patients have hugely benefited from technological advancements made in this area with the introduction of joint replacement and anthroscope. This has allowed the orthopedic surgeon to achieve new heights of success.
Modern developments in orthopedics resulted in the invention of a complete artificial joints. Joint Replacement in elderly people is the most popular super specialization within orthopedics department. It is also among the most common reason as to why old aged patients consult orthopedic doctors or surgeons. Who is an orthopedic doctor or orthopedic surgeon?
An orthopedic doctor or surgeon is educated and trained in diagnosis, operative and post operative treatment of injuries and diseases in the musculoskeletal system. They are involved in treating the following conditions:
- Bone Fractures
- Sport Injuries
- Club foot
- Bow legs
- Spine disorders like scoliosis
- Hammer toes
- Tendon, ligament and muscles damages
- Bone tumors When to see an orthopedic doctor?
If you are suffering from tendon, muscle or joint pain for a few days then it is advisable to consult an experienced orthopedic doctor. The doctors can handle anything related to musculoskeletal systems, from minor sprains to joint replacement surgeries. Ortho doctors play the most critical role in diagnosing the problem along with the treatment, prevention and rehabilitation process. The doctors mostly work in hospitals as well as specialized clinics. They treat anything from sports related injuries, degenerating bone conditions to treating infections in the bones and bone tumors. The doctors can handle anything related to musculoskeletal systems, from minor sprains to joint replacement surgeries. If you feel any type of pain in your ankles, knees, hips, shoulders or back then you should definitely get yourself checked up.
Typical procedures performed by orthopedic surgeons include:
1.Joint Replacement – Ageing and diseases in the joint that may require a complete replacement of joint. This procedure is done in order to regain complete range of motion. Biomaterials or implants are used to replace the affected part of the joint. These materials are compatible with the body and will successfully mimic the actions of an actual joint.
2. Rotator Cuff Repair – This procedure is done in case of a torn or an injured tendon in the shoulder. This procedure offers super flexibility along with the ability to perform a range of other motions. Surgery is performed which is either the traditional method (open surgery) or the modern technique (arthroscopy).
3. ACL Reconstruction – this is the most important ligament which is responsible for an overall knee stability. In case of a torn ACL orthopedic doctor will perform a reconstruction surgery where the hamstring’s tendon is removed and used as a replacement. What should the patients expect from orthopedic doctor?
While visiting an orthopedic doctor may become your only option you might want to know what to expect from this doctor’s visit. The purpose of your very first consultation is to assess your whole medical history and symptoms. The doctor will want to know about any of your injuries that might have caused that trauma. Your orthopedist may suggest a series of radiology tests to finalize further course of treatment.
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