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Bloating is a feeling of fullness, tightness or swelling in the abdominal area, it can be caused by gas, constipation, food intolerances or other underlying health conditions. Bloating can be treated and prevented, consult a healthcare professional if you have persistent or severe bloating or if you have other symptoms.

Bloating Key Points
CausesGastroesophageal reflux, Gastroparesis, Ovarian Cancer
RemediesDiet and lifestyles changes, Behavioral therapy, Avoid smoking
Preventive OptionsSmaller frequent meals, Chew food well, Avoid carbonated drinks
Treatment OptionsMedications(Antispasmodic), Surgery, Anti-depressants

Bloating is a common condition characterized by a feeling of fullness or tightness in the abdomen. It can be caused by a variety of factors such as eating too much, eating too quickly, eating gas-producing foods, or a build-up of gas in the intestines. Bloating can also be a symptom of underlying medical conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, lactose intolerance, or celiac disease. It can be accompanied by other symptoms such as abdominal pain, discomfort, flatulence or belching.

Other Symptoms that come with bloating

The symptoms of bloating can vary from person to person, but some common symptoms include in the following.

  1. A feeling of fullness or tightness in the abdomen
  2. Abdominal pain or discomfort
  3. Distention of the abdomen (a visible swelling or expansion of the belly)
  4. Gas, burping, or passing gas more frequently
  5. Noise from stomach such as gurgling or rumbling
  6. Nausea
  7. Loss of appetite
  8. Fatigue
  9. Constipation or diarrhea

The Types of Bloating

There are several types of bloating, each with its own set of causes and characteristics. Some of the most common types include

  1. Functional bloating: This type of bloating is caused by changes in the normal functioning of the digestive system, and it is not caused by any underlying medical condition.
  2. Organic bloating: This type of bloating is caused by an underlying medical condition such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), lactose intolerance, or celiac disease.
  3. Secondary bloating: This type of bloating is caused by certain medications or other underlying conditions such as ovarian cancer, endometriosis, or fibroids.
  4. Gastrointestinal bloating: This type of bloating is caused by problems in the gastrointestinal tract such as IBS, Gastroparesis, or Gastritis
  5. Mechanical bloating: This type of bloating is caused by structural problems in the abdominal area such as hernias, volvulus, or adhesions.
  6. Emotional bloating: This type of bloating is caused by emotional distress, anxiety, or depression.

Conditions that cause Bloating

There are several medical conditions that can cause bloating as a symptom, some examples include:

  1. Celiac disease: This autoimmune disorder causes an adverse reaction to gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye, leading to damage to the small intestine, bloating and other symptoms.
  2. Lactose intolerance: This is a condition in which the body is unable to properly digest lactose, a sugar found in milk and dairy products, leading to bloating, abdominal pain, and other symptoms.
  3. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD): This condition causes stomach acid to flow back into the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms such as bloating.
  4. Gastroparesis: This is a condition in which the stomach muscles don't work properly, leading to bloating and other symptoms.
  5. Ovarian cancer: This cancer can cause bloating as a symptom due to build-up of fluid in the abdominal area.
  6. Endometriosis: This condition is characterized by the growth of uterine tissue outside the uterus, can cause bloating and other symptoms.

Diagnostic Tests for Bloating

The diagnosis of bloating typically begins with a physical examination and a review of the patient's symptoms and medical history.

  • Stool test
  • Blood test
  • Imaging tests
  • Endoscopy
  • Breath test

Treatment for Bloating

Treatment for bloating typically depends on the underlying cause, but some general treatment options include:

  • Diet and lifestyle changes: Avoiding foods that cause gas, eating smaller meals, and avoiding eating too quickly can help to reduce bloating.
  • Over-the-counter medications: Antispasmodic medications such as peppermint oil can help to relax the muscles of the intestines and reduce bloating.
  • Probiotics: Probiotics can help to promote a healthy balance of gut bacteria and reduce bloating caused by bacterial overgrowth.
  • Prescription medications: In some cases, a healthcare professional may prescribe medications such as tricyclic antidepressants, 5-HT3 antagonists or prokinetics for bloating.
  • Behavioral therapy: This type of therapy can help to teach people how to relax the pelvic floor muscles and improve muscle control, which can help to relieve bloating.
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary if the bloating is caused by a structural problem such as a hernia, volvulus, or adhesions.

The Preventive Care for Bloating

There are several steps you can take to help prevent bloating:

Watch your diet: Avoiding foods that are known to cause gas such as beans, lentils, broccoli, cauliflower, and onions can help to reduce bloating.

Eat smaller, more frequent meals: Eating larger meals can cause the stomach to stretch, which can lead to bloating. Eating smaller, more frequent meals can help to reduce this effect.

Chew your food well: Chewing your food well can help to reduce the amount of air that you swallow, which can help to reduce bloating.

Avoid carbonated drinks: Carbonated drinks can cause gas to build up in the stomach and intestines, leading to bloating.

Avoid smoking: Smoking can cause the muscles of the intestines to contract, which can lead to bloating.

When to see a doctor

It's a good idea to see a healthcare professional if you have persistent bloating or any of the following symptoms:

  • Bloating that lasts more than a few days
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort
  • Blood in the stool
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Persistent bloating or gas
  • A feeling of fullness in the rectum
  • Loss of appetite
  • Persistent fatigue
  • Persistent constipation or diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Unexpected fever or chills

Bloating Doctors


If you have bloating and are concerned about your health, it is important to seek immediate medical attention from a qualified bloating doctor. A doctor specializing in treating bloating, such as a Gastroenterologist, would be the right health professional to consult.

Here is a list of Top verified doctors for bloating. You can book an appointment with one to start your bloating treatment today.

🏥 Manipal Hospital, HAL Airport Road, Bangalore

फीस:₹ 1000

अभी परामर्श करें

🏥 Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Sciences, Kolkata

फीस:₹ 600

अभी परामर्श करें

Bloating Hospitals


A hospital can provide various services to help diagnose and treat your bloating. If you are experiencing bloating In that case, it is important to visit a bloating hospital for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Check a list of Top Hospitals for bloating treatment.

अक्सर पूछे जाने वाले प्रश्न

Frequently asked questions and answers about bloating.

Bloating Patient Reviews


Reviews by patients on different.

BloatingReview 1

Mrs Madhabi Saha

Medanta The Medicity

<p>We have been consulting a 2-3 gastro doctors in Malda West Bengal since last 1 year. My acidity and stomach pain were not at all subsiding. I have got all tests done. Have changed my medications also every time I change the doctor. But it was not bringing any relief. Our family discussed and we decided to go to Medanta Delhi hospital. My son selected Dr Neeraj Saraf by seeing his profile on Credi Health. They helped us with a VIP appointment slot and a 400 rupees discount also. When we reached Medanta, Suman from Credihealth team helped us. Dr Neeraj Saraf is a very busy doctor it seems. Before the appointment, all the basic vitals were recorded. And a file was made. Then Dr Saraf saw my vitals information and my complete medical file. He showed me a few charts to explain to me and ask me questions. Very meticulous and particular about information. He wrote down important points we discussed. Post this he told me to get endoscopy done. After the test, he took me throught the result and told me make changes in my eating habits. He has given me medications for 3 months. Its been a few weeks now. I am feeling much better. Changes in eating habits and his medicines are working for me.</p>

BloatingReview 2

Rajesh Gupta

<p>I&#39;m good feeling after meeting Dr Rajesh Puri at Medanta Hospital Gurgaon. I having bad abdomen and stomach pain since last few years. I consult lot of doctors in Jaipur and Gurgaon but not relief. I know about Dr Rajesh Puri but appointment fee very high. Now, credihealth give me Rs.300 discount so I visit him at Medanta. He give me good time and listening to me about stomach pain and medicines in last 2-3 years. Then, he give me medicine and go for the rest. I am very happy and feeling no stomach pain after meeting Dr Rajesh Puri. He is the best gastroenterologist in Gurgaon and very good treatment giving.</p>

BloatingReview 3

Dinesh Singh Tanwar

Good doctor for treatment of acidity and gas in the stomach. I was having acidity problem for a long time. Recently, it got aggravated resulting in frequent bowel moments. Dr Rajesh Puri is a great doctor and helped me treat this long standing medical concern. Also, using Credihealth I got 10% discount on his consultation fee and no registration charges at Medanta Medcity. I would definitely recommend Dr Rajesh Puri for such chronic gastrointestinal issues and Credihealth for their excellent service & cost saving.

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