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Diarrhea is a common digestive problem and a symptom of many critical diseases characterized by frequent, loose, watery stools. It can be caused by infection, food intolerance, medication, or other underlying medical conditions. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, cramping, and dehydration. Treatment often involves drinking fluids and avoiding foods that can worsen symptoms. If severe or persistent, seek medical advice.

Diarrhea Key Points
CausesCeliac disease, Lactose intolerance, Gastroenteritis
RemediesHydration, Diet, Probiotics
Preventive OptionsHand hygiene, Drink safe water,
Treatment OptionsMedications(Anti-diarrheal, Imodium), Diet, Maintaing good bacteria

Diarrhea is a common symptom that causes frequent bowel movements. It can cause discomfort, cramping, and urgent bathroom need. Sometimes, it can also cause nausea, vomiting, and fever. Diarrhea can be caused by various factors such as infection, food poisoning, or certain medications. It can be a short-term or chronic condition, significantly affecting one's daily routine and even making one feel embarrassed. There are a lot of remedies and treatments related to diarrhea. If your diarrhea does get settled, talk to the health care provider.

Other Symptoms that come with diarrhea

Other Symptoms that come with diarrhea

Diarrhea is a condition characterized by frequent and loose bowel movements. The symptoms of diarrhea can include in the following.

  1. Loose, watery stools
  2. Abdominal cramps or pain
  3. Bloating or gas
  4. Nausea or vomiting
  5. Fatigue
  6. Loss of appetite
  7. Dehydration
  8. Dry Mouth
  9. Dizziness
  10. Rapid heartbeat
  11. Fever

The Types of Diarrhea

Several types of diarrhea are caused and characterized by particular conditions. Some of the most common types include the following.


Acute diarrhea


This type of diarrhea lasts for a short period (usually less than 2 weeks) and is often caused by viral or bacterial infections, food poisoning, or certain medications.


Chronic diarrhea


This type of diarrhea lasts for an extended period (usually more than 4 weeks) and can be caused by a variety of factors, including certain medical conditions (such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, or celiac disease).


Secretory diarrhea


This type of diarrhea is caused by an overproduction of fluids in the small intestine, which can be caused by certain medical conditions (such as inflammatory bowel disease or cancer), certain medications, or certain toxins.


Conditions that cause Diarrhea

There are several medical conditions that can cause diarrhea as a symptom. Some examples include the following.


Celiac disease



As you can see, diarrhea is the most common symptom of celiac disease. This is not characterized by malabsorption of the food. Therefore, it can lead to stool which is a high amount of fat that is steatorrhea. This makes it foul-smelling, greasy, and frothy. This autoimmune disorder causes an adverse reaction to gluten that leads to damage to the small intestine, diarrhea, and other symptoms.



Lactose intolerance



People who suffer from lactose intolerance find difficulty in the digestion of the sugar in milk. The most common symptoms are watery stool, gas, and bloating. This might happen while giving lactose malabsorption. Though it is harmless, it could make a person discomfort.




Gastroenteritis is the most common condition in that diarrhea and vomiting often appear. This bacterial and viral infection can cause inflammation of the stomach. It is caused by viral, bacterial, or parasitic infection, leading to diarrhea, vomiting, and other symptoms.



Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)



Gastroesophageal reflux disease is caused by the stomach acid that flows to the esophagus, which causes heartburn. There are some additional symptoms, such as nausea and diarrhea.



Malabsorption syndrome



Malabsorption syndrome is a medical condition where the body cannot properly absorb nutrients from food, leading to malnutrition and a range of digestive symptoms, including diarrhea. It mainly occurs by damage to the gut lining, lack of digestive enzymes, and medical conditions like celiac disease, Crohn's disease, and pancreatic insufficiency.


Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) can cause diarrhea by affecting muscle contractions in the colon, sensitivity to certain foods, past GI infections, stress, hormonal changes, and altered gut bacteria. The exact cause of IBS is not fully understood.



Diagnostic Tests for Diarrhea

During the physical examination, the healthcare professional will check for signs of dehydration, such as dry mouth, sunken eyes, and decreased urine output. They will also check for any abdominal tenderness or masses.

  • Stool test
  • Blood test
  • Imaging tests
  • Endoscopy

Treatment for Diarrhea

Treatment for diarrhea typically depends on the underlying cause, but some general treatment options include the following.








Loperamide is a medication commonly used to treat diarrhea. It functions by slowing down the movement of stool in the intestines, which helps to solidify the stools and reduce the frequency of bowel movements. Loperamide is safe and effective for most people. Still, it should be used with caution in specific populations, such as children under 2 years old, people with liver disease, and those with a history of long-term diarrhea.



Bismuth subsalicylate



Bismuth subsalicylate, commonly known as Pepto-Bismol, is an over-the-counter medication used to treat diarrhea. It works by coating the stomach and reducing fluid secretion in the intestines, which can help relieve symptoms such as stomach upset and diarrhea. Bismuth subsalicylate is generally considered safe, but it can interact with blood thinners and cause side effects, including constipation and black stools.



Kaolin and pectin



Kaolin and pectin are active ingredients in some over-the-counter antidiarrheal medications, such as Kaopectate. They work by absorbing fluid in the intestines and helping to firm up the stools. Kaolin and pectin are commonly used to relieve mild to moderate symptoms of diarrhea. However, they are not recommended for severe cases of diarrhea or people with certain medical conditions, such as kidney disease.



Racecadotril is a medication used to treat diarrhea. It reduces fluid secretion in the intestines, which helps to firm up the stools and relieve symptoms. Racecadotril is typically used for short-term treatment of acute diarrhea and is not recommended for long-term use. Common side effects of racecadotril may include headache, nausea, and abdominal pain.




Probiotics are live microorganisms that can be taken as a supplement to help restore good gut bacteria balance. This can help relieve symptoms of diarrhea by improving digestion and boosting the immune system. Probiotics are available in various forms, including capsules, powders, and food and drinks like yogurt and kefir.





Surgery may be recommended for some people with chronic or severe diarrhea that is not responsive to other treatments. Many types of surgery will depend on the underlying cause of diarrhea. Some common surgeries for diarrhea include the following.



Resection of the small intestine



Small intestine resection is a surgical procedure to remove a portion of the small intestine that is diseased or damaged. This procedure may be recommended for some people with chronic diarrhea to improve symptoms and restore normal bowel function. The decision to have surgery, and the type of surgery, depends on the underlying cause of diarrhea and the patient's overall health. A doctor should be consulted to discuss this procedure's benefits, risks, and possible outcomes.






Colectomy is a surgical procedure in which a surgeon removes a partial part of the colon or complete removal. It may be recommended for individuals with chronic diarrhea caused by inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, or diverticulitis. The type of colectomy will depend on the specific condition and severity of diarrhea. A doctor should be consulted to discuss this procedure's benefits, risks, and possible outcomes.






Ileostomy is a surgical procedure involving creating an abdomen opening and attaching the small intestine's end to it. This allows stool to bypass the colon and be collected in an external pouch, effectively treating chronic diarrhea. An ileostomy may be recommended for individuals with inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, or an injury to the rectum. The decision to have an ileostomy, and the type of ileostomy, depends on the specific condition and the patient's overall health.



J-pouch surgery



J-pouch surgery is a type of surgical procedure used to treat chronic diarrhea. It involves creating a pouch from the small intestine to replace the removed colon, allowing for normal bowel function. J-pouch surgery may be recommended for individuals with ulcerative colitis or familial adenomatous polyposis.



Home Remedies






Drink plenty of fluids such as water, electrolyte-rich sports drinks, clear broths, and clear juices to prevent dehydration.


BRAT diet


Eat the BRAT diet (Bananas, Rice, Applesauce, Toast) to help bind stools and ease digestive discomfort.




Ginger has crucial anti-inflammatory properties that can help soothe the digestive tract. Try ginger tea or ginger chews.




Peppermint has antispasmodic properties that may help relax the muscles of the intestines and reduce diarrhea symptoms. Drink peppermint tea or take peppermint oil capsules.






Probiotics help to restore the balance of bacteria in the gut and alleviate diarrhea symptoms. You can take probiotic supplements or eat probiotic-rich foods like yogurt, kefir, and sauerkraut.



Electrolyte-rich foods



Eat foods that are high in electrolytes, such as coconut water, to help replenish lost electrolytes and prevent dehydration.

Boiled potatoes



Boiled potatoes are a bland food that can help soothe the digestive system and firm up loose stools.



Bone broth



Bone broth contains minerals and electrolytes that can help replenish lost nutrients and support gut health.



Apple cider vinegar



Apple cider vinegar has antibacterial properties that can help improve gut health and alleviate diarrhea symptoms. Mix 1-2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar with water and drink.



Fennel seeds



Fennel seeds have antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce cramping and bloating associated with diarrhea. Chew on fennel seeds or make fennel tea.


The Preventive Care for Diarrhea

There are several steps you can take to help prevent diarrhea:

  • Wash your hands frequently
  • Practice safe food handling
  • Drink safe water
  • Be careful with street food
  • Be aware of food allergies and intolerances

When to see a doctor

It is generally recommended to seek medical attention if you experience any of the following symptoms are given in the following.

  • Diarrhea that lasts for more than a few days
  • Blood in the stool
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • High fever
  • Signs of dehydration, such as dark urine, dry mouth, or dizziness
  • Persistent vomiting that prevents you from keeping liquids down
  • Weakness or lethargy
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Persistent diarrhea after returning from a trip abroad

Diarrhea Doctors


If you have diarrhea and are concerned about your health, it is important to seek immediate medical attention from a qualified diarrhea doctor. A doctor specializing in treating diarrhea, such as a Gastroenterologist, would be the right health professional to consult.

Here is a list of Top verified doctors for diarrhea. You can book an appointment with one to start your diarrhea treatment today.

🏥 Manipal Hospital, HAL Airport Road, Bangalore

फीस:₹ 1000

अभी परामर्श करें

🏥 Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Sciences, Kolkata

फीस:₹ 600

अभी परामर्श करें

Diarrhea Hospitals


A hospital can provide various services to help diagnose and treat your diarrhea. If you are experiencing diarrhea In that case, it is important to visit a diarrhea hospital for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Check a list of Top Hospitals for diarrhea treatment.

अक्सर पूछे जाने वाले प्रश्न

Frequently asked questions and answers about diarrhea.

Diarrhea Patient Reviews


Reviews by patients on different.

DiarrheaReview 1

Mrs Madhabi Saha

Medanta The Medicity

<p>We have been consulting a 2-3 gastro doctors in Malda West Bengal since last 1 year. My acidity and stomach pain were not at all subsiding. I have got all tests done. Have changed my medications also every time I change the doctor. But it was not bringing any relief. Our family discussed and we decided to go to Medanta Delhi hospital. My son selected Dr Neeraj Saraf by seeing his profile on Credi Health. They helped us with a VIP appointment slot and a 400 rupees discount also. When we reached Medanta, Suman from Credihealth team helped us. Dr Neeraj Saraf is a very busy doctor it seems. Before the appointment, all the basic vitals were recorded. And a file was made. Then Dr Saraf saw my vitals information and my complete medical file. He showed me a few charts to explain to me and ask me questions. Very meticulous and particular about information. He wrote down important points we discussed. Post this he told me to get endoscopy done. After the test, he took me throught the result and told me make changes in my eating habits. He has given me medications for 3 months. Its been a few weeks now. I am feeling much better. Changes in eating habits and his medicines are working for me.</p>

DiarrheaReview 2

Rajesh Gupta

<p>I&#39;m good feeling after meeting Dr Rajesh Puri at Medanta Hospital Gurgaon. I having bad abdomen and stomach pain since last few years. I consult lot of doctors in Jaipur and Gurgaon but not relief. I know about Dr Rajesh Puri but appointment fee very high. Now, credihealth give me Rs.300 discount so I visit him at Medanta. He give me good time and listening to me about stomach pain and medicines in last 2-3 years. Then, he give me medicine and go for the rest. I am very happy and feeling no stomach pain after meeting Dr Rajesh Puri. He is the best gastroenterologist in Gurgaon and very good treatment giving.</p>

DiarrheaReview 3

Dinesh Singh Tanwar

Good doctor for treatment of acidity and gas in the stomach. I was having acidity problem for a long time. Recently, it got aggravated resulting in frequent bowel moments. Dr Rajesh Puri is a great doctor and helped me treat this long standing medical concern. Also, using Credihealth I got 10% discount on his consultation fee and no registration charges at Medanta Medcity. I would definitely recommend Dr Rajesh Puri for such chronic gastrointestinal issues and Credihealth for their excellent service & cost saving.

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