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Heart Palpitation

Heart palpitations are feeling your heart beat rapidly, flutter, or pound. It might indicate a heart condition and should be evaluated by a healthcare professional. You might feel a vibration in the chest and neck. In this, we will study the causes, types, conditions, tests, and treatments.

Heart palpitations Key Points
CausesHeart Disease, Arrythmias, Thyroid disorders
RemediesLifestyle changes, Supportive care, Psychological support
Preventive OptionsAvoid triggers, Lifestyle chnages, Monitor heart rate
Treatment OptionsMedications(Beta-blockers, Calcium Channel Blockers), Cardiac Ablation

Heart palpitations are when you can feel your heart beating fast, really hard, or strangely. It can feel like your heart is fluttering or skipping a beat. It can be scary, but most of the time, it's not anything serious. Sometimes it happens because you're feeling anxious or stressed or if you've had too much caffeine or alcohol. Sometimes it's because of a medical condition like anemia or an overactive thyroid. Therefore, it is essential to learn bout heart palpitation.

Other Symptoms that come with heart palpitations

Other Symptoms that come with heart palpitations

An abnormal sensation of the heart beating characterizes heart palpitations. The symptoms can include:

  1. Rapid heartbeat - A feeling that your heart is beating too fast or too rigid.
  2. Skipped beats - A feeling that your heart has missed a beat.
  3. Fluttering sensation -  A feeling that your heart is fluttering.
  4. Chest discomfort - Tightness, pressure, or pain in your chest.
  5. Shortness of breath: - Difficulty breathing or feeling out of breath.
  6. Sweating - Excessive sweating or feeling clammy.
  7. Dizziness - Lightheadedness or feeling like you might faint.
  8. Fatigue: Feeling tired or weak.

The Types of Heart palpitations

There are several types of heart palpitations, each with its own set of causes and characteristics. Some of the most common types include

  1. Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs): These are extra heartbeats that originate from the ventricles, the lower chambers of the heart. They can cause a skipped beat or a fluttering sensation.
  2. Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT): These are episodes of rapid heart rate that originate from the upper chambers of the heart. They can cause a rapid heartbeat or fluttering sensation.
  3. Atrial fibrillation (AFib): This is a type of irregular heartbeat that originates from the atria, the upper chambers of the heart. It can cause a rapid heartbeat, fluttering sensation, or skipped beats.
  4. Sinus tachycardia: This is a normal response of the heart to certain stimuli such as exercise, stress or fever, it's a rapid heart rate that originates from the sinoatrial (SA) node, the natural pacemaker of the heart.
  5. Non-cardiac palpitations: These are palpitations that are not caused by heart-related issues, but rather by other conditions such as anxiety, hyperthyroidism, or anemia.

Conditions that cause Heart palpitations

Many conditions cause heart palpitations as a symptom. Some examples are given in the following.

Heart disease

The conditions such as Coronary artery disease, valvular heart disease, or cardiomyopathies can cause palpitations.


Abnormal heart rhythms such as atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia, or premature ventricular contractions can cause palpitations.

Thyroid disorders

An overactive thyroid can cause palpitations due to an increase in heart rate.


This condition can cause palpitations due to low oxygen levels in the blood.

Electrolyte imbalances

Abnormal levels of minerals such as potassium, magnesium, or calcium in the blood can cause palpitations.


Some medications can cause palpitations as a side effect, such as decongestants, asthma medications, or some antidepressants.

Caffeine and alcohol

Consuming too much caffeine or alcohol can cause palpitations.

Heart palpitations are feeling your heart beat rapidly, flutter, or pound. A variety of factors, including the following, can cause them.

Anxiety or stress

Emotional stress can cause an increase in heart rate, leading to palpitations.

Hormonal changes

As you are wondering, hormonal changes could cause heart palpitation. However, it is true because in some cases, like pregnancy, menopause, or taking certain medications, it can cause heart palpitations.

Caffeine and nicotine

Consuming large amounts of caffeine or nicotine can cause an increase in heart rate, leading to palpitations.


Some medications, such as decongestants, asthma medications, and thyroid hormones, can cause palpitations.

Electrolyte imbalances

Electrolyte imbalances, such as low potassium or magnesium levels, can cause palpitations.

Thyroid disorders

Hyperthyroidism, an overactive thyroid, can cause an increase in heart rate, leading to palpitations.

Cardiac arrhythmias

Heart palpitations can be a symptom of an underlying heart condition, such as atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia, or ventricular tachycardia.


Low levels of iron in the blood, which can cause anemia, can cause palpitations.

Alcohol or drug use

Consuming large amounts of alcohol or using certain recreational drugs can cause palpitations.

Diagnostic Tests for Heart palpitations

The diagnosis of heart palpitations typically begins with a physical examination and a review of the patient's symptoms and medical history.

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Holter monitor
  • Event monitor
  • Echocardiogram
  • Exercise stress test
  • Blood tests

Treatment for Heart palpitations

Treatment for heart palpitations typically depends on the underlying cause, but some general treatment options are mentioned down below.

Treating the underlying condition

If the heart palpitations are caused by an underlying medical condition, treating that condition can help to improve the vibrations.


Some medications indeed have side effects. For example, albuterol, amlodipine, and armodafinil cause pulses depending on the underlying cause. Some examples are included down below.


These medications slow down the heart rate and can help to reduce palpitations caused by anxiety or heart arrhythmias.

Calcium channel blockers

These medications can help relax the muscles in the heart and blood vessels and can treat palpitations caused by certain arrhythmias.

Anti-arrhythmic medications

These medications are used to treat specific types of heart arrhythmias, such as atrial fibrillation or supraventricular tachycardia.


This medication is generally prescribed to treat certain heart arrhythmias, such as atrial fibrillation.

Iron supplements

If anemia is causing the palpitations, taking iron supplements can help to raise the iron levels in the blood.

Thyroid hormone replacement

If an underactive thyroid is causing the palpitations, taking thyroid hormone replacement can help to regulate the thyroid function.

Lifestyle changes

It is crucial to modify diet, exercise, and sleep habits, and avoiding triggers such as caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine can help to prevent palpitations.

Supportive care

A healthcare professional may recommend psychological support or counseling to help people cope with the emotional or psychological causes of palpitations.

Cardiac ablation

This procedure uses radiofrequency energy or cryo-energy to destroy small areas of the heart tissue, causing abnormal heart rhythm.


Surgery may be an option for some individuals with heart palpitations caused by certain underlying conditions. Some examples include the following.

Catheter ablation

This procedure uses a catheter to destroy small areas of heart tissue. You must be wondering why? This is important to maintain the heart rhythm.

Maze procedure

This surgical procedure creates a series of small incisions in the heart to help regulate abnormal heart rhythms.

Pacemaker or defibrillator implantation

If a slow heart rate causes palpitations, a pacemaker may be implanted to help regulate the heart rate. If a fast heart rate causes palpitations, a defibrillator may be implanted to help regulate the heart rate.

Coronary artery bypass surgery

This surgery treats narrowed or blocked coronary arteries, which can cause irregular heartbeats or palpitations.

The Preventive Care for Heart palpitations

Preventive measures for heart palpitations include the following.

Managing underlying medical conditions

Many chronic heart diseases, congestive heart failure, heart disease, and thyroid disorders exist. Working with your healthcare professional to manage the condition and prevent palpitations is essential.

Making lifestyle changes

Eating a healthy diet, regular exercise, avoiding smoking, limiting alcohol and caffeine intake, and getting enough sleep can help to prevent palpitations.

Avoiding triggers

If you know that certain things trigger your palpitations, such as stress, certain foods, or medications, try to avoid them.

Monitoring your heart rate

If you're experiencing palpitations, you can purchase devices to monitor the heart rate and bring the information to your healthcare professional.


If you are taking medications that may cause palpitations, speak with your healthcare professional about the side effects. Your doctor may modify the dose and frequency according to the side effects.

When to see a doctor

It's a good idea to see a healthcare professional if you have persistent or recurrent heart palpitations or if you experience any of the following symptoms given in the following.

  • Palpitations that last more than a few minutes
  • Chest discomfort or chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Fainting
  • Persistent rapid heartbeat
  • Palpitations that occur with other symptoms such as sweating or fatigue
  • Palpitations that occur after starting a new medication
  • Palpitations that occur during physical activity or exercise
  • Palpitations that are accompanied by other symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, or fainting

Heart palpitations Doctors


If you have heart palpitations and are concerned about your health, it is important to seek immediate medical attention from a qualified heart palpitations doctor. A doctor specializing in treating heart palpitations, such as a Cardiologist, would be the right health professional to consult.

Here is a list of Top verified doctors for heart palpitations. You can book an appointment with one to start your heart palpitations treatment today.

🏥 Narayana Institute of Cardiac Sciences, Bommasandra, Bangalore

फीस:₹ 900

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Heart palpitations Hospitals


A hospital can provide various services to help diagnose and treat your heart palpitations. If you are experiencing heart palpitations In that case, it is important to visit a heart palpitations hospital for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Check a list of Top Hospitals for heart palpitations treatment.

अक्सर पूछे जाने वाले प्रश्न

Frequently asked questions and answers about heart palpitations.

Heart palpitations Patient Reviews


Reviews by patients on different.

Heart palpitationsReview 1

Dr. Bhabendra Nath Kalita

Dr. Girish has been a God to us. I was surprised to see such down to earth highly qualified doctors with an everlasting smile. 30% of the fear due to the illness of my dad got vanished merely by seeing the greeting smiles of them. He saved my father's Life and minimized the risk related to the heart like a God. In a condition, where other Hospitals were either suggesting By Pass Surgeries or not willing to operate the Left side of the Heart by Angioplasty, Dr. Girish took extra effort to operate all the narrowing in both sides of the Heart including Roto with great difficulty, patience & effort. I was overwhelmed by his gesture when he greeted me & consoled me with belief & faith with the success of the operation before entering the Operation theatre. After 2 hours of operation, when he came out, even before washing his hands, he waved me from inside to make me feel safe & secure. From him, my father might be just a patient but he understood the pain I have been going through that 2 hours. The Operation is successful. Today, My Dad is recovering well and rapid. Thank you so much, Doctor!!

Heart palpitationsReview 2

Narendra Natth Sikder

Medanta The Medicity

Doctor ,There are no words to thank and describe ,Most dedicated and far sightedness. The hospital should be proud to have such person Perfect in Admission caring personally doing Ecg. Such doctor can revive and give new life to patients. Almighty God bless him Health to serve humanity I will leave no opportunity to tell our people of North East I being Vice president of Lions Club of Gauhati Trustee of Lions Eye Hospital Grief counselor Shankerdev Netralaya for Eye donation Advisor to SIKH Pratinidhi Board North East Patron to Gauhati Press Club I will leave no opportunity to tell the truth to the residents of North East about devotion and dedication of the Doctor and staff of the hospital. It's my privilege and my luck to be here. We had heard of the hospital that their service and hospitality was not good. But I shall surely write in all newspaper and inform that what people said was Totally wrong and the misuderstanding. The services and care is best I pray God bless Dr

Heart palpitationsReview 3


My father went for a health check up alone at Kokilaben hospital. He was doing stess test and he developed Anterior wall Myocardial infarction (Major heart attack). Thanks to immediate attention by Dr. Pravin Kahale and his team who took my father immediately for Emergency angioplasty even though we were at home. In a heart attack, every minute delay leads to damage to heart muscle and has long term consequences of a weak heart. My father had good salvage and early prompt action lead to preserve heart pumping. Dr. Kahale is an excellent doctor. He has very deep knowledge. He writes few but best medications. He also makes us understand complex things in simple language. Our entire family would strongly recommend Dr. Kahale as a cardiolgist who can deliver the best in most complex cardiac issues. He is always accessible to the entire family and is only a phone call/ message away and resolves all the queries. Highly recommended!

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