Nail fungus or onychomycosis is a common symptom that causes thickening, discoloration, and deformity of the toenails and fingernails. It is caused by a fungal infection that can enter the nail through minor cuts or openings. Risk factors include poor hygiene, trauma to the nail, and certain medical conditions. Treatment may include topical or oral antifungal medications or nail removal in more severe cases. It is essential to seek treatment early, as untreated nail fungus can lead to more serious infections.
|Causes||Fungal infection, weakened immune system, nail injury|
|Remedies||Tea tree oil, vinegar soak, antifungal cream|
|Preventive Options||Wear breathable shoes, keep nails trimmed, avoid sharing nail tools|
|Treatment Options||Oral antifungal medication, medicated nail polish, nail removal surgery|
Nail fungus or onychomycosis ocommon condition that affects the nails on the hands and feet. It is caused by a fungal infection that can enter the nail through cracks or small cuts in the skin. The infection can cause the nail to become discolored, thickened, and brittle and may cause pain or discomfort. Nail fungus is more common in older adults and people with weakened immune systems and can be spread through contact with contaminated surfaces such as shower floors or towels. Treatment for nail fungus depends on the infection's severity and may involve topical or oral antifungal medications, removing the infected nail, or undergoing laser or surgical treatments. Proper hygiene and regular nail care can help prevent nail fungus.
Nail fungus, also known as onychomycosis, can cause a variety of symptoms. Here are some common symptoms that may be associated with nail fungus are given in the following.
Nail fungus, also known as onychomycosis, can have different types based on the type of fungus causing the infection and the location of the infection. Here are some common types of nail fungus
|Types of Nail Fungus||Description|
|Distal subungual onychomycosis||It starts at the end of the nail and spreads to the surrounding skin|
|White superficial onychomycosis||It appears as white spots or patches on the surface of the nail|
|Proximal subungual onychomycosis||It usually starts at the base of the nail and spreads towards the tip|
|Candida onychomycosis||Caused by a yeast infection and typically affects the fingernails more than the toenails|
|Endonyx onychomycosis||Cuased by rare and affects the nail bed|
|Total dystrophic onychomycosis||Characterized by a complete destruction of the nail plate|
Nail fungus, also known as onychomycosis, is a common fungal infection that affects the nails on the fingers and toes. In some cases, nail fungus can be a symptom or first sign of an underlying medical condition. Here are six such conditions.
People with diabetes are more susceptible to nail fungus due to compromised immune systems and poor blood circulation. In some cases, nail fungus can be an early warning sign of diabetes.
Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disorder that affects the skin and nails. Nail psoriasis can cause changes in the appearance and texture of the nails, including thickening, discoloration, and separation from the nail bed. Nail psoriasis can increase the risk of developing nail fungus.
People with HIV/AIDS are more likely to develop nail fungus due to their weakened immune systems. Nail fungus can also be a sign of a more advanced stage of the disease.
Raynaud's disease is a condition that causes blood vessels in the fingers and toes to narrow, reducing blood flow and causing pain and numbness. People with Raynaud's disease may be more susceptible to nail fungus due to poor blood circulation.
PAD is a condition that affects blood flow to the legs and feet. People with PAD may experience nail fungus due to decreased blood flow and weakened immune systems.
Some types of cancer, such as lymphoma, can affect the nails and cause changes in their appearance. Nail fungus can also be a side effect of chemotherapy and other cancer treatments.
To diagnose nail fungus, a doctor or dermatologist will typically perform a physical examination and may also perform one or more of the following diagnostic tests are given in the following.
Nail fungus, also known as onychomycosis, is a common fungal infection that affects the nails on the fingers and toes. It can be a difficult condition to treat, but there are several medications that can help. Here are five drugs commonly used in the treatment of nail fungus
Terbinafine is an antifungal medication that works by stopping the growth of the fungus. It is usually taken orally for a period of 6 to 12 weeks, depending on the severity of the infection. Terbinafine can cause side effects such as stomach upset, headache, and skin rash.
Fluconazole is another antifungal medication that is used to treat nail fungus. It is taken orally once a week for 6 to 12 months. Fluconazole can cause side effects such as stomach upset, headache, and skin rash.
Itraconazole is an antifungal medication that is taken orally for a period of 3 to 6 months. It works by preventing the fungus from growing. Itraconazole can cause side effects such as stomach upset, headache, and skin rash.
Ciclopirox is a topical antifungal medication that is applied to the affected nail(s) daily for a period of 6 to 12 months. It works by preventing the fungus from growing. Ciclopirox can cause side effects such as skin irritation and burning.
Efinaconazole is another topical antifungal medication that is applied to the affected nail(s) once a day for a period of 48 weeks. It works by preventing the fungus from growing. Efinaconazole can cause side effects such as skin irritation and itching.
Surgery may be considered for severe or persistent cases of nail fungus that do not respond to other treatments. The most common surgical procedure for nail fungus is called a nail avulsion, which involves removing part or all of the infected nail. Here are some key points to consider about nail avulsion surgery
During a nail avulsion, a healthcare professional will numb the affected area with a local anesthetic and then remove part or all of the infected nail. In some cases, a chemical may be applied to the nail bed to prevent the fungus from returning.
Recovery from nail avulsion surgery can take several weeks to several months, depending on the extent of the procedure. It is important to keep the affected area clean and dry and to follow any specific instructions provided by your healthcare professional.
As with any surgical procedure, there are risks associated with nail avulsion surgery. These can include bleeding, infection, and damage to surrounding tissues.
There are several home remedies that people may consider for the treatment of nail fungus. While these remedies may not be as effective as medical treatments, they can be a low-cost and low-risk option to try. Here are some common home remedies for nail fungus
Tea tree oil is a natural antifungal agent that can be applied directly to the affected nail(s) using a cotton swab or dropper. It is important to dilute the oil with a carrier oil, such as coconut oil or olive oil, before use to avoid skin irritation.
Soaking the affected nail(s) in a mixture of vinegar and water may help to kill the fungus. Mix equal parts vinegar and warm water in a basin or bowl and soak the affected area for 15-20 minutes, then dry thoroughly.
Baking soda is a natural fungicide that can be used to treat nail fungus. Mix baking soda with water to create a paste and apply it to the affected nail(s), then rinse thoroughly with warm water and dry.
Garlic has antifungal properties that can be beneficial for treating nail fungus. Crush a few cloves of garlic and apply the paste to the affected nail(s), then cover with a bandage or gauze and leave on for 30 minutes to an hour.
Coconut oil has antifungal properties and can be applied directly to the affected nail(s) to help kill the fungus. Apply a small amount of coconut oil to the nail(s) and massage gently, then cover with a bandage or gauze.
Nail fungus, also known as onychomycosis, is a common condition that can be difficult to treat. Prevention is key when it comes to nail fungus, and there are several steps that you can take to reduce your risk of developing the condition. Here are some ways to prevent nail fungus
One of the most important steps in preventing nail fungus is to practice good foot and nail hygiene. This includes washing your feet daily with soap and water, drying your feet thoroughly after washing or showering, and keeping your nails trimmed and clean. Avoid sharing personal items like nail clippers or shoes, and wear shower shoes or sandals in public areas like gyms or swimming pools.
Wearing proper footwear is also important in preventing nail fungus. Choose shoes that are comfortable and breathable, and avoid shoes that are too tight or restrictive. Wearing socks made of breathable materials, like cotton or wool, can also help to prevent fungal infections. Keep Your Feet Dry Moisture can contribute to the growth of nail fungus, so it is important to keep your feet dry. Change your socks and shoes frequently, especially if your feet tend to sweat, and use a foot powder or antifungal spray to keep your feet dry and fresh. Be Cautious with Nail Salons Nail salons can be a breeding ground for nail fungus, so it is important to be cautious when getting pedicures or manicures. Make sure that the salon uses sterilized instruments, and consider bringing your own nail tools to reduce your risk of infection. Avoid getting artificial nails or gel polish, as they can trap moisture and contribute to the growth of fungus. Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can also help to prevent nail fungus. Eat a balanced diet rich in nutrients and vitamins, and exercise regularly to promote good circulation and immune function. Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, as they can weaken your immune system and increase your risk of infections.
If you suspect you have nail fungus, seeing a doctor or a dermatologist is important. Nail fungus, also known as onychomycosis, is a common fungal infection that can be difficult to treat without medical intervention. Here are some signs that you should see a doctor or a dermatologist for evaluation and treatment of nail fungus are given in the following.
If you have nail fungus and are concerned about your health, it is important to seek immediate medical attention from a qualified nail fungus doctor. A doctor specializing in treating nail fungus, such as a Dermatologist, would be the right health professional to consult.
Here is a list of Top verified doctors for nail fungus. You can book an appointment with one to start your nail fungus treatment today.
💼 59 वर्ष
🏥 Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi
💼 54 वर्ष
🏥 Sitaram Bhartia Institute of Science and Research, New Delhi
💼 48 वर्ष
🏥 Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai Central, Mumbai
A hospital can provide various services to help diagnose and treat your nail fungus. If you are experiencing nail fungus In that case, it is important to visit a nail fungus hospital for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.
Check a list of Top Hospitals for nail fungus treatment.
Multi Speciality Hospital
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