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Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) is a congenital heart defect commonly called hole in the heart - a hole in the wall of that divides lower chambers of the heart. The surgery done to correct this defect is known as Ventricular Septal Defect Surgery. It is commonly called VSD surgery.
Types of VSD Surgery:
Children with ventral septal defect, generally face
Before surgery, all the imaging studies done are reviewed to get a clear idea of the defects involved in the heart. Prior to the surgery the CHF is brought under control and the overall condition of the patients is reviewed.
Intra Cardiac procedure is primarily an open heart surgery, done under general anaesthesia. The process involves:
Transcatheter procedure for treating VSD involves the insertion of a catheter into the body through the groin, which then reaches the heart’s septum (wall dividing the left and right sides of the heart).
In most cases, the recovery is rapid after the surgery. Within the first or second day post-surgery, the patient is transferred from intensive care (ICU) to general care.
Postoperative diuretic therapy (drug therapy) is offered to bring down intravascular volume to normal levels. Functioning of the left atrial (one out of 4 heart chambers) and pulmonary artery (artery which carries blood from the heart to the lungs) is monitored. In case the patient suffers high blood pressure in arteries of the lung, sedatives are continued.
Generally, the patient is discharged after 4 to 7 days. Long-term results for VSD surgery are highly positive, and infants are seen to fully recover in a span of a year or two.
The complications of VSD surgery involve