Renal Transplant is a surgical procedure that involves the replacement of the diseased or dysfunctional kidney with a healthy kidney. It is commonly called Kidney Transplant.
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Renal transplant is a surgical procedure that involves the replacement of the diseased or dysfunctional kidney with a healthy kidney.
Kidney failure is a condition in which the kidneys are not able to remove toxins and waste from the blood. In such a condition, renal transplant is advised by the doctor.
Renal transplant is required mainly in the case of kidney failure. Symptoms of kidney failure are:
The other indications that suggest that a patient might need a kidney transplant include:
The doctor commonly advises to
Renal transplant procedure is performed by an experienced Renal Transplantation specialist. The procedure is performed under general anesthesia and lasts about 3 to 4 hours.
The doctor will
The doctor generally recommends the following post procedure
Recovery time depends on the patient’s health and the method of surgery used. Open surgery causing a large incision generally takes about 8 weeks to recover. In case of a laparoscopic surgery involving small incisions, the recovery period is about 4 weeks.
Life after surgery
The patient can lead a normal and healthy life even after surgery. However, patients need to take care of their transplanted kidney and the following points need to be kept in mind:
Complications of renal transplant:
The donor source for a kidney can be either living or dead.
1. Living Donor
Any individual between 18-60 years of age can be a donor. Donors don’t need to be genetically related. All that is required is a perfect match between the kidneys of the donor and the recipient.
Besides this, the blood group and the tissue type of the donor and the recipient should be compatible and all cross match tests should be negative.
In case the blood group and the tissue type are incompatible, then kidney exchange, also known as Paired Donation is done where in the donor and the recipient are paired with another donor and recipient who too are incompatible with each other.
2. Deceased Donor
Deceased Donors can be classified into two categories:
1. Brain-dead Donors and
2. Donation after Cardiac Death donors
A Brain-dead/Beating-heart donor’s heart pumps blood to maintain the circulation. This helps surgeons to operate while blood is being delivered to the rest of the body. “Donation after Cardiac Death” donors are operated immediately after death to recover the organ.
Legal documentation is required for both the donor and recipient.
If a recipient is unable to find or get a donor, he/she must seek immediate help from the authorized organizations that collect and curate data about potential donors by registering himself/herself with the respective organization. Such organizations can help the recipient find a suitable donor within the stipulated time frame.
Though in a majority of cases the donor might go on to lead a healthy life, there can be a few complications in some circumstances. The living donor might suffer from side effects, which include internal bleeding, chronic pain, hernia, hypertension, cardiac problems, infections, obesity, nerve damage and pancreatitis.
The cost of a kidney transplant surgery ranges from INR 5,00,000 to 7,00,000 in Indian hospitals, depending on the procedure to be carried out and the availability of kidney donor.