Brain surgery is also referred as craniotomy, neurosurgery, craniectomy, minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery, minimally invasive neuro endoscopy.
Do all conditions require a similar surgery?
No. The type of surgery required will depend on the condition to be treated and the area of the brain affected. Some cases will require conventional open surgery while others can be treated by minimally invasive endoscopic surgeries.
What are minimally invasive brain surgeries?
More recently, endoscopy has been introduced for brain surgery.
An endoscope is inserted and surgery is performed with tools inserted through the endoscope. MRI or CT scanning guides the surgeon during the procedure.
In Endonasal endoscopy, the tumor is accessed through the nose and the sinuses. This surgery is used for removing tumors of the pitutary gland and those in the base of the skull.
In neuro endoscopy, an endoscope is inserted through a small opening in the skull.
What is an epilepsy surgery?
For treatment of epilepsy that does not respond to/ineffective to medications, a brain surgery may be done to control seizures. Surgical procedure may be performed to remove the area of the brain that produces seizures, to interrupt the seizure impulses along the nerve pathway or to implant a neuro stimulator device.