Blood cancer treatment depends on the stage of cancer and medical condition of the patient. The treatment typically includes one or more of these following procedures - Stem Cell Transplantation, Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy
Stem Cell Transplantation helps infuse healthy blood-forming stem cells into the body. Stem cells can be collected from the bone marrow, circulating blood and umbilical cord blood. Like blood transfusion the stem cells are received intravenously. After entering the bloodstream, the stem cells travel to the bone marrow and start making new blood cells in a process known as engraftment.
Chemotherapy may be given to the patient before or after the surgery. Before the surgery, chemo will reduce the size of the tumor and control the spread of cancer. Such type of chemotherapy is commonly known as Neoadjuvant Therapy. In some cases, the patients are given chemotherapy, radiation therapy or hormone therapy to kill any cancerous cell left and lower the risk of tumor recurrence.
Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy uses X-rays, radioactive substances to destroy cancer cells, shrink tumors, and/or alleviate certain cancer-related symptoms. Some Major types of Radiation Therapy is as below
- External beam radiation therapy: radiation is directed from a machine outside the body on the cancer cells
- Internal radiation therapy: radioactive material is placed directly near a tumour
- Systemic radiation therapy: radioactive Material travels through the blood to locate and destroy cancerous cells.