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A Kidney Transplant is a process wherein a healthy and compatible kidney is placed inside the body to replace the damaged or diseased kidney. After a successful transplantation, the new kidney continues to perform the regular functions.
The patient should be free from any infection or cancer and should not be overweight. Post surgery, the kidney from a live donor starts to function immediately while one from a deceased donor might take some time.
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is the progressive and gradual deterioration of the kidney, leading eventually to a kidney failure. It generally goes undetected till it reaches an advanced stage, characterized by critical levels of waste and fluid build up in the body. Kidney failure levels are demarcated by stages that measure the functionality loss of the kidneys.
Your doctor determines your stage of kidney disease based on the presence of kidney damage and your glomerular filtration rate (GFR), which is a measure of your level of kidney function. As chronic kidney disease progresses, your GFR number decreases.
Stage 4 of chronic kidney disease has the patient’s GFR rate lower than 30 milliliters. Most patients that reach stage 4 need dialysis or kidney transplant in the future. Along with the early symptoms like high blood pressure, the patient develops uremia which is caused by an excessive waste build up in the body.
The patients also experience loss of appetite, kidney pain, and tingling in toes or fingers. The treatment options at this stage include hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis or a kidney transplant. Along with medications, a healthy diet is advised to the patient. This limits the intake of excess whole grains, proteins, saturated fats, calcium, and sodium; foods that aid in a waste build-up in the body.
Stage 5, also known as End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), indicates the functional loss of both kidneys. Additional symptoms at this stage include elevated lab levels of potassium and phosphorus, along with hormonal imbalances. The GFR rate at this stage is 15 milliliters or less and the urine levels reduce drastically. The level of kidney function can be diagnosed with a blood test for serum creatinine to calculate the eGFR measurement.
The kidneys at this stage stop all their functions including producing red blood cells and regulating vitamin D for bone health. Either dialysis or a transplant becomes mandatory for the patient to survive. With regular dialysis, the patient can continue to follow an almost regular lifestyle in the absence of a transplant, dialysis needs to be done lifelong.
Here’s a list of the top hospitals in India where Kidney Transplant Procedure is performed
Here’s a list of the top doctors in India who perform the procedure and are known for providing quality care
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Mr. Ankit Bahl
New Delhi, Delhi
Mr. Nishant Prasad
Watch Medical Experts shed greater light on the kidney related disease
Dr. Pankaj Wadhwa
Lifestyle Changes to Prevent Kidney Stones
Dr. Ravi Bansal
Misuse of Medicine Can Damage Kidneys
Dr. Anshuman Agarwal
Robotic Kidney Surgery in India
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