Craniotomy is the most common technique used to remove the brain tumor. It is a surgical procedure to temporarily remove of a part of the bone from the skull, for better access to the intracranial area of the brain.
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Craniotomy is the most common technique used to remove the brain tumor. It is a surgical procedure to temporarily remove of a part of the bone from the skull, for better access to the intracranial area of the brain. Depending on the location of the tumor and accessibility, it either completely or partially removed. If tumor is partially removed, then chemotherapy or radiotherapy are also required for treatment.
The temporarily removed portion of the skull, called bone flap, is replaced to its original position and fastened to its place with screws and plates.
Depending on which portion of the skull is removed and replaced on, the procedure is categorized into Frontal, Pterional or Junctional Crainotomy.
A craniotomy that involves the use of a camera with a lighted scope inserted through a small incision in the skull is called an endoscopic craniotomy. When imaging and computer assisted navigation system are used in a craniotomy procedure, it is called stereotactic craniotomy.
Apart from treating brain tumor, craniotomy is also recommended for:
First of all, the doctor will suggest a biopsy to figure out the type of tumor. Brain biopsy is generally conducted as a day care procedure.
Basis the biopsy, the doctor will form a treatment plan and will instruct the following:
Brain Tumor Surgery is generally performed under general anesthesia by an experienced neurosurgeon, and can take upto 4 to 8 hours.
During the procedure, the surgeon will
After the procedure is complete, the patient is generally required to stay in the hospital for 7 to 15 days. If the tumor is partially removed, then the patient is generally recommended chemotherapy or radiotherapy to completely treat the tumor.
Some swelling in the head may be observed after the surgery. During the hospital stay, there will be frequent checks to ensure the body is in coordiantion with brain. For example, pupils will be checked by flashing light on the eye, strength of arms and legs will be tested.
After discharge, the doctor will recommend
Complete recovery takes 2 to 3 months after the procedure.
Brain tumor surgery is a complicated procedure which may have the following risks and complications:
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