Angioplasty with stent placement is a minimally invasive procedure that is used to widen vessels narrowed by stenosis or occlusions. A catheter is used to widen the artery and a stent is placed to keep the artery open for proper blood flow. This procedure is also used as an emergency procedure during a heart attack.
Anesthesia Type: General
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Procedures Duration: 1 to 2 Hours
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For a person suffering from coronary artery disease, the arteries in the heart may completely or partially be blocked by a sticky material called plaque, and this blocks the blood flow.
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) is a non-surgical procedure to unblock the coronary arteries that are narrowed by plaque buildup, and restore the blood flow to the heart muscles.Typically, a catheter placed on a guide wire is inserted inside the blocked artery to help widen it.
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) is also called Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA), and commonly known as Angioplasty.
Based on the type of instrument used, the procedure can be categorized into
Angioplasty is generally combined with stent placement to support the walls of the artery and prevent it closing again.
Coronary arteries are responsible for bringing fresh oxygenated blood to the heart. Any malfunction in the coronary arteries, will interfere with the normal healthy functioning of the heart. When plaque builds up inside the walls of these arteries, they narrow down, thereby restricting the flow of blood to the heart . This is known as atherosclerosis.
In case this situation occurs in the coronary arteries, it leads to a severe health heart problems.
Angioplasty is a step-by-step process. There are quite a few preparations that are required to be done.
First step is Angiography, a diagnostic test to precisely determine the narrowed areas and the severity of the plaque formation. The test result acts as a “road map” for the doctor to plan the best treatment strategy. Besides, the result also suggests how soon angioplasty needs to be done on the patient.
In the procedure a catheter is directed to the heart by threading it through the blood vessels. A special contrast dye is injected into the coronary artery that shows up in the X-ray images.
After angiograpy, the doctor will
PCI is performed by an experienced cardiologist, and depending on the severity of the condition can last upto 90 minutes.
During the procedure
The patient has to stay atleast for a day in the hospital, during which the heart condition is closely monitored. Complete recovery generally takes about 6 to 8 weeks.
After the procedure, the doctor will recommend
Angioplasty does not have any serious complications as such. However, in certain cases complications may occur. Known complication include,
Risk of complications is higher among older people (above 65 years old), or among people who have chronic kidney diseases, heart diseases, or coronary artery blockages.
The cost of angioplasty mostly depends on the type of stent used. The cost of the stent almost covers 50% of the total cost.
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Dr. Venkatesh treated my dad with utmost care. Although my dad & his reports were not in station, he eagerly looked into the Angiogram video (done in a different place) of my father in my mobile and suggesting corrective treatments. He patiently advised me many things and repeated them again & again for my better understanding. The operation was done by Dr. Girish and although it was critical, it was successful. Dr. Venkatesh has visited us many times during our stay at the hospital despite his busy schedule to inquire about the wellbeing of my father. During the follow-up visits, Dr. Venkatesh has examined my Dad with utmost details, gave proper advice, and suggested & changed medicine courses to suit my dad's body as he has high blood pressure & diabetics. I wish him great success in his career and love of his patients.
Dr. Girish has been a God to us. I was surprised to see such down to earth highly qualified doctors with an everlasting smile. 30% of the fear due to the illness of my dad got vanished merely by seeing the greeting smiles of them. He saved my father's Life and minimized the risk related to the heart like a God. In a condition, where other Hospitals were either suggesting By Pass Surgeries or not willing to operate the Left side of the Heart by Angioplasty, Dr. Girish took extra effort to operate all the narrowing in both sides of the Heart including Roto with great difficulty, patience & effort. I was overwhelmed by his gesture when he greeted me & consoled me with belief & faith with the success of the operation before entering the Operation theatre. After 2 hours of operation, when he came out, even before washing his hands, he waved me from inside to make me feel safe & secure. From him, my father might be just a patient but he understood the pain I have been going through that 2 hours. The Operation is successful. Today, My Dad is recovering well and rapid. Thank you so much, Doctor!!