Back Pain Surgery

Medical procedure performed with an aim of treating the chronic back or neck pain that the patient is suffering from, is termed as Back Pain Surgery or Spine Surgery. This procedure involves treatment or removal of herniated discs, treating vertebral fractures, spinal stenosis and bone spurs.

The types of spine surgery include:

  • Spinal Fusion
  • Foraminotomy 
  • Laminectomy 
  • Diskectomy
  • Disc Replacement 
  • Cervical Spine Surgery 

Back Pain Surgery Cost in Kolkata

More Information on Back Pain Surgery


The patient is recommend a back pain surgery in following cases:

  • No relief in cervical spine pain even after 6 to 12 months of conservative treatment
  • Sudden loss of control over the bowel and/or bladder- It could either be the inability to retain or hold waste or progressive weakness in the legs.
  • Radicular pain – If at any time you feel pain either in the neck or the back that is radiating down into your arm or leg 
  • Severe, continuous pain in the abdomen and back

When preparing for a back pain surgery, patients are recommended following:

  • Exercise: If the body is in good shape prior to the surgery, there is a great chance that the recovery period will be shortened.
  • Medication: Patients are often prescribed a dose of pain killing medications after the surgery. However, the medicines may not have the desired effect if the patient’s body is already tolerant to narcotic pain medicines. In order to avoid this, you are advised to stay off the pain medications and muscle relaxants before the surgery.
  • Quit smoking: Patients are advised to stop smoking prior to their surgery as nicotine can change disc metabolism and increase the cervical spine and spine problems.

Spinal Fusion: Spinal Fusion is the most common spine surgery. An intervertebral disc is removed and replaced by a titanium cage. The bone grafts are then joined together and fuse together permanently over a period of time. This procedure is done to relieve the pain in the back, treat the instability of spine and to reduce the pressure on nerves.

Foraminotomy: In this type of surgery, the bone at the sides of the vertebrae is cut away to broaden the space at the points of exit of the nerves from the spinal cord. This procedure may result in instability of the spine in some cases and might require a spinal fusion to stabilize the spine.

Laminectomy: This procedure involves the removal of parts of bone, bone overgrowths or ligaments to relieve the pressure on the nerves entering and exiting the spinal cord. This procedure too may require a spinal fusion to stabilize the spine.

DiskectomyThis surgical procedure is used to remove the herniated or slipped disc to relieve the pressure on the spinal nerves. A discectomy can be performed along with the other procedures including spinal fusion, foraminotomy or laminectomy.

Disc Replacement: This surgery includes the damaged disc in the spine being replaced by an artificial disk between the vertebrae.

Cervical Spine Surgery: This procedure is carried out to treat the pain and the damage in the cervical spine. This surgery usually includes a decompression surgery and a fusion surgery being carried out together in order to relieve the pressure on the nerves in the cervical spine and to maintain the stability of the spine.


After the surgery, the following steps can help you with the recovery:

  • Take the prescribed dose of pain killers regularly
  • Take proper rest and gradually increase your physical activity as suggested by the spine specialist
  • Avoid smoking and consumption of alcohol
  • Use ergonomic chairs, lumbar supports and braces for complete support of the back
  • Avoid sitting for long periods of time
  • Maintain a healthy diet
Risk and Complication

Back Pain surgery is a relatively safe procedure. However, there may be a few complications in rare cases. These complications include:

  • Reactions to anaesthetic and other medicines used in the procedure
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Nerve damage
  • Infections due to skin incisions
  • Persistent pain
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
More Info

The benefits of a spine surgery include:

  • Relief from back and neck pain
  • Improved movement
  • Better physical state

Depending on the type of surgery, the cost ranges from 2,00,000 to 8,00,000 INR in Indian hospitals.

If you have any additional questions, talk to our in-house doctors. Call 8010-994-994.