According to research, almost all women and some men are at risk of developing breast cancer. In recent years, the disease treatment has picked its pace as the number of patients is on the rise. This abnormality begins with the growth of uncontrollable multiplication of cells which accumulate and form a lump or mass. Often this abnormal growth of cells is not that big a concern and is relatively treatable. However, on rare occasions, these cells form a tumor leading to breast cancer. Such a condition can either be felt as a lump or a thickening. The medical procedure begins with a mammogram which reveals whether the tumor is cancerous or not.
Also, Read about Why go for an early Breast Cancer Screening?
It is not necessary that all lumps in the breast would turn out to be cancerous. Regardless, for any kind of lumps, the best course of action is to consult a doctor.
According to a report from WHO, it is one of the leading cancer types in women across the globe. Each year the abnormality claims the lives of thousands and thousands of women.
It cannot be classified as a single disease. On the contrary, multiple studies reveal that there are more than a handful subtypes of this disease. Dependent on the person affected, each of these subtypes responds differently to various breast cancer treatment.
It is not necessary that all lumps in the breast would turn out to be cancerous. Regardless of this, the best course of action is to consult a doctor. The medical procedure is proceeded by three methods.
Surgery: This helps in removing the abnormally grown cells as much as possible. This process is helpful for finding whether cancer has spread to the lymph nodes under the arm. In addition, cancer treatment also helps to restructure the shape of it.
Radiation therapy: It is a diagnostic method used to kill abnormally grown cells through high-energy rays. Only the affected part of the body gets exposure to the radiation.
Chemotherapy: It is yet another breast cancer treatment which uses anti-cancer medicines that can either be intravenous or oral. Such a treatment may occasionally require additional chemotherapy.
To better understand the process of breast cancer treatment, it is important to look at the types of the disease. Mainly because breast cancer cannot be classified as a single disease. On the contrary, multiple studies reveal that there are more than a handful subtypes of this disease. Dependent on the person affected, each of these subtypes responds differently to various breast cancer treatment.
Stage 0 occurs when abnormal cells develop in the lining of the breast milk duct. In stage 0 the abnormal cells do not spread outside of the duct and into the surrounding breast tissue. This makes the diagnosis at stage 0 easy and extremely effective. However, if the patient does not go through with the stage 0 diagnosis then it can spread outside the duct.
The stage 1 breast cancer while evident, is restricted to the area of its origin. In stage 1, the size of the malignant tumors are relatively small and can easily be treated. In addition, depending on the size and amount of cells, stage 1 branches out into stage 1A and stage 1B.
Stage 1A: In this stage, the cancerous tumor is the size of a peanut (approximately 2 cms or smaller) and more importantly, it has not spread to the lymph nodes.
As is the case with any complex medical procedure, there are certain complications and risks involved with breast cancer treatment. As a result of which, many would recommend seeking a second opinion or even a third before getting surgery. If the cancer is at a stage in which is treatable with medicine, then getting surgery should be the last resort. Here are some of the complications and risks involved with the procedure:
Unless the patient feels any major symptom, it gets difficult to decide whether its cancer or some other disease. If it would be a cancerous problem, you will simply be referred to an oncologist. Given below are some of the symptoms, have a look.
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It occurs when breast cells start growing at an abnormal rate.
Treatable by medical professional
Requires medical diagnosis
Requires lab tests and imaging
May require general anaesthesia
While there are several options for the treatment, the kind and amount used for a particular case are determined by the type of cancer and the patient's health condition. Usually, a woman or man diagnosed with breast cancer will receive more than one treatment.
At zero stage, it is difficult to decide to whether its cancer or some other disease but if you see the below listed Breast cancer symptoms for a prolonged period, its the right time to see an oncologist.
Any change in the shape or size of the breast which seems abnormal
A thickening or lump in the area which one can feel.
Any change in the texture or the color of the skin.
Redness or rash on the skin and/or around the nipple Red patch or rash on the skin around the nipple or directly on it.
If the nipple has become pulled or appears to be different than usual.
If there is a swelling around the armpit or the collarbone.
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