Angioplasty refers to the process of insertion of a balloon in order to widen a narrowed or blocked artery. With that said, modern angioplasty procedures require insertion of a short wire-mesh or a stent. The main reason to perform this procedure is to ensure that the blood vessels can supply ample amount of blood to the heart. Angioplasty Stent is a small metal tube that is used to expand the coronary artery. The stent is placed immediately after angioplasty.
This term is used when cholesterol plaque builds up in the walls of heart arteries. Angioplasty Surgery is used to diagnose this problem.
If a patient has undergone an elective coronary angioplasty procedure, then such a patient can return to their normal daily-life routine as soon as a week after the procedure. However, the patient needs to avoid lifting a heavyweight or any strenuous activities in general until the incision is healed up.
After the heart operation, the patient will experience immediate and noticeable effects as the blocked vessels can now freely allow blood flow.
If a patient received a stent during the surgery, the doctor will prescribe medications for blood-thinning in order to avoid blood clots. Regardless, doctors, depending on the conditions may or may not prescribe lifelong medications to an average patient receiving a angioplasty. The longest period for such medications is usually a year after the procedure.
By the year 2016, heart disease had claimed more than 1.7 million Indian lives. While Indian healthcare was able to bring down under-five mortality and deaths due to infectious diseases, non-communicable diseases such as cardiac conditions are still on the rise. One such condition is a coronary artery blockage. Moreover, depending on the patient’s condition, there are the following types of coronary angioplasty procedures.
Balloon angioplasty - This is a procedure involves a balloon catheter to widen the blocked or narrowed blood vessel or a coronary artery.
Coronary artery stent - A stent is a tube-shaped contraption placed in the coronary arteries. This contraption allows blood supply to the heart for the treatment of coronary heart disease. The procedure involved is known as a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
In most cases, the patient receiving this treatment is out of the bed and onto his or her daily routine within a week’s time thanks to the procedure’s fast recovery period. Furthermore, this procedure seldom requires the patient to be on lifelong medications. The longest duration for which a patient may take medications is a year after the procedure.
Coronary angioplasty treats a blocked artery, it is important for a patient to know about various symptoms that might affect other organs, if not noticed timely. Below is given is the list, Have a look.
The most common areas one may feel pain indicating symptoms of the coronary disease are Shoulders Lower Back Jaw Neck Shortness of breath Palpitation Dizziness
It is not uncommon to run into complications with medical procedures like coronary angioplasty. However, such risks and complications are limited in case of this procedure. With that said, here are some of the risks of getting this medical procedure.
Regardless of a patient’s condition, it is always healthy to seek a second opinion and receive the right treatment for the patient’s condition. While a simple procedure, an angioplasty surgery involves certain risks as mentioned above.
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Also known as percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PCTA).It refers to the process of insertion of a balloon in order to widen a narrowed or blocked artery. Doctors sometimes refer to this procedure as the PTCA.
Treatable by medical professional
Requires medical diagnosis
Requires lab tests and imaging
Does not require general anesthesia
The surgery involves insertion of a balloon in order to widen a narrowed or blocked artery. However, If the procedure involves coronary angioplasty along with stenting then doctors call it percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
There are quite a few symptoms which point to a blocked coronary artery, ultimately requiring a coronary angioplasty as a treatment. The symptoms of this condition vary depending on its severity.
Pain areas: lower back, chest, and jaw
Lower Back Pain
Shortness of breath
Frequency - about 60,000 per year
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