Heart Valve Replacement is a procedure undertaken to treat heart diseases. It is done to replace one of the four valves. This includes a mitral, tricuspid, pulmonary, and aortic valves. The valves become leaky or open in a wrong direction which results in dysfunctioning. This causes disruption of blood flow through your heart and also affects its functioning. The damaged valves are replaced with mechanical, animal or human tissue by surgery. Depending on the symptoms and the type of valves to be replaced, the procedure is either processed by open-heart surgery, minimally invasive heart surgery or through catheter replacement of the valves. It purely depends on the condition of the patient that what method should be processed for treatment.
Read About Surgery Effects on the body.
The survival rate after the surgery is higher than other heart surgeries. Relative survival rates are 84 % after aortic,68.5% after mitral and 80.9 after both the valve replacements.
The aortic valve is the most common valve to be replaced through a surgical procedure for stenosis or narrowing of the aortic valve. It is followed by a mitral valve which is replaced for mitral stenosis. Pulmonary and tricuspid valves are uncommon in most adults.
Mechanical valves in some patients last for as long as 25 years without reoperation. However, animal and human valve have shorter lifecycles and last for a maximum 15 years without problems.
Diagnosis process involves the evaluation of signs and symptoms with conduction of a physical examination. In it, the doctor checks the body using a stethoscope and likely listens for a heart murmur, as it is a sigh of the diseased heart valve. The replacement procedure of heart valve has two approaches– Surgical and Non-surgical.
This approach is used when the surgical approach imposes a threat on the patient and can be carried out to replace the aortic valve only. While considering this treatment, one should always seek a second opinion and take into consideration the risk factors involved. The patient should provide appropriate information about his medical history. Although the damaged valve is not visible, one should immediately do the required tests if the symptoms persist. After the replacement surgery, adequate care and timely medication should be taken by the patient to avoid further complication.
To avoid coronary artery diseases, Following a healthy routine is the best way. By healthy routine we mean, adding nutritious diet in your meals, exercising regularly, avoiding saturated fat and high cholesterol food. These tips are worth if followed properly.
Since the surgery is undertaken for treating a heart valve disease, which is not a visible problem, many times its symptoms may go unnoticed or be confused with other heart diseases like a blocked artery or heart attack. It is extremely important to visit your doctor when you feel either of these symptoms and get related lab and imaging tests done to identify the root cause and the valve affected. Common symptoms of heart valve disease are listed below, Have a look.
Abnormal sound (heart murmur).
Shortness of breath
Irregular heartbeat Palpitations
Swelling of ankles or feet
Rapid weight gain.
Our heart is one of the most important organs of the body. It converts the deoxygenated blood into the oxygenated blood and pumps it throughout the body. To separate the deoxygenated blood from the oxygenated one there are four valves present known as an Aortic, pulmonary, mitral, and tricuspid valve. Each one has flaps called leaflets, for the mitral and tricuspid valves, and cusps for aortic and pulmonary valves. These flaps open and close at each heartbeat. When either of these valves is severely damaged or doesn’t function properly, immediate surgery is needed. Some patients may even need more than one valve repaired or replaced.
The two types that can be used for replacement are:
There are various risk associated with heart valve replacement process. Some of them may even have serious implications after the surgery. The risk factors to look out while getting your heart valve replaced are listed below, Have a look.
The information provided on this webpage contains general information about medical conditions, causes, symptoms & treatments. The information is compiled from open sources that were available to us and is solely for the purpose of general reading & not a result of thorough research or tests conducted in laboratories. Therefore, the contents of this article are neither medical advice nor intended to replace consultation with a medical practitioner, and should not be treated as an alternative to medical diagnosis or treatment from your doctor, or any other healthcare professional.
External links to information and other websites provided here are purely for information purposes and Credihealth does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy, genuineness, reliability of such links/websites. Moreover, the information provided hereunder is not intended to be a substitute for getting in touch with emergency healthcare.
Heart Valve Replacement is a procedure to replace a damaged heart valve with another mechanical, animal or human valves to facilitate proper blood flow in the correct direction through the heart. It can be done through open-heart surgery, minimally invasive heart surgery or through catheter replacement of the valve.
Treatable by medical professional
Requires lab tests or imaging
Frequency - About 1,06,000 surgeries per year.
Requires general anesthesia
Heart Valve Replacement is diagnosed by two methods, Surgical and Non-Surgical. The motive is to facilitate proper blood flow in the correct direction through the heart.
There are quite a few symptoms which signal coronary artery disease, ultimately requiring a replacement. Coronary artery diseases are caused due to the excess fat deposition in the arteries, blocking the blood flow. The symptoms may vary depending on the type of valve and severity of the disease.
Abnormal sound (heart murmur) while listening using a stethoscope
Shortness of breath
Swelling of ankles or feet
Rapid weight gain
Rating: 4.9 (0)
Internal Links: 12