Kidney stones (also known as renal calculus) are solid, crystalline masses made up of calcium oxalate or other compounds. They usually develop along the urinary tract especially kidneys and are one of the most painful medical conditions. There are various home remedies to prevent and cure small stones; however, medical intervention and surgery are required when the stones are big and obstruct the urinary tract. Depending on the size and the area of obstruction different types of surgeries like Shock Wave Lithotripsy, Tunnel surgery (percutaneous nephrolithotomy), Open surgery and Ureteroscopy are performed for the removal of kidney stones.
Read more about "Lithotripsy"
Kidney stones are one of the most painful medical conditions. However, sometimes the stones are so small that you may not feel pain in your body or may even pass them in your urine without realizing it.
Yes, Men are more susceptible to developing kidney stones. A recent study showed that about 11% of men will develop one (or more) kidney stone in their lifetime as opposed to 6% of women.
Dietary calcium is not responsible for causing stones in the body. Calcium is required for a healthy body and also healthy kidneys! It’s another compound known as calcium oxalate which is found in a variety of fruits, vegetables and chocolates which you need to steer clear of to avoid kidney stones.
Kidneys are one of the most important parts of the body. They are responsible for filtering blood before sending it back to the heart and help in the formation of urine. Once our body receives the required amount of nutrition from the food, the remaining waste products are passed on to the kidneys. Sometimes the number of waste products in the bloodstream is higher than the water content which leads to the formation of crystals within the kidneys. These crystals are also known as kidney stones or renal calculus. They are small in size but can grow bigger as more minerals stick to it.
They are of four types namely:
Calcium stones: These are the most common type of kidney stones. They are formed when there is a high amount of calcium oxalate in your body or if you are exposed to high levels of vitamin D. they can also form if the level of water drops in your body or if you sweat a lot and don’t replace the fluids you have lost.
Cystine stones: These are the least common type of stones and occur through a rare hereditary disorder called cystinuria. Once you get a cystine stone, there is a chance that you may have one again.
Struvite stones: These stones are usually caused by urinary tract infection and are horn-shaped.
Uric acid stones: Uric acid stones usually occur when there is a high amount of protein in your body. It may typically occur when there is less fluid intake in your body. Uric acids stones are common in gout patients and are softer than other stones.
The number one indication of kidney stones is the pain which a patient feels which according to some is sharp and worse than labor pain. However, sometimes the stones are small and can go unnoticed when passed without any pain.
"The symptoms depend on the size of the stones and the area of obstruction in your body. "
Other symptoms include Pain or burning during urination, Nausea, Vomiting, Blood in urine, Frequent urination, Fever and chills, Smelly urine, the Varying intensity of pain.
Steps followed by urologists to provide kidney stone treatment are listed below, Have a look.
The process is initialized by some tests: After identifying the symptoms, the doctor will run various tests to confirm the diagnosis like CT scan, X-ray or an ultrasound scan. Once it's confirmed, the urologist will then assign various home remedies and treatments to surgically remove the stone.
Some of the procedures for kidney stone removal are listed below.
Read about "When is lithotripsy required"
Kidney stone removal surgery has overall low risks but complications may arise in patients after the surgery. Some of the most common risk factors are listed below, Have a look.
Read about "Five Foods to Avoid When You Have Kidney Stones"
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Kidney stone removal is a procedure through which the stones obstructing the kidneys or urinary tract are identified and either broken down or removed from the body through different surgeries depending on the size of the stones and the obstructed area.
Treatable by medical professional
Requires medical diagnosis
Requires lab tests or imaging
Requires general anaesthesia
Kidney stone removal surgery involves the breaking down or removal of kidney stones (also known as renal calculus) which are solid, crystalline masses made up of calcium oxalate from the kidneys or urinary tract.
There are quite a few symptoms of kidney stones which may vary depending on the size of the stones and area of obstruction.
Pain areas: Lower back, stomach, side of the body.
Pain or burning during urination
Blood in urine
Fever and chills
Frequency- About 1 million surgeries every year
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