India is among the top countries where knee replacement surgery is a rather common procedure. However, the decision of going through with the replacement surgery is entirely dependent on the doctor treating the patient. It is a known fact that almost 90% of patients who undergo implant experience a noticeable improvement in their condition. It is a surgical procedure performed by orthopedic surgeons to resurface the knee by using metal alloys or high-grade plastics and polymers at the ends of the bones that form the knee joint. It helps to relieve pain and functioning of the knee joint. One of the common indications for the medical procedure is osteoarthritis.
Read more about Frequently Asked Questions about Knee Replacement Surgery
Partial Knee Replacement is an alternative to it. In this, only the damaged part of the knee is replaced. The affected part is replaced with a man-made implant known as prosthetic.
More than 60 % of knee surgery patients are women.
The joint is known as "Synovial Hinge joint" - It allows a small degree of medial and lateral rotation on moderate flexion.
it is a complex joint with several components making it vulnerable to the different type of injuries. Some of the common injuries include sprains, fractures, ligament tear, and joint dislocations.
Knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty is a medical procedure performed to repair the damaged bone and cartilage from the affected area. To fill the vacant area, the doctors use metal alloys or high-grade plastics and polymers in operation. A rather uncommon fact about a knee replacement is that there are alternative procedures one can try before surgery. These include physical therapy, medications, assistive device. In addition, a patient can also opt for partial knee replacement designed to limit the effects of osteoarthritis to a specific part of the joint. However, with such a procedure, patients require additional precautions to make sure that arthritis does not spread.
Indications Every disorder has its own symptoms. You might need an operation for the below-listed symptoms. Have a look.
Before proceeding for a knee surgery your doctor will check your medical history and perform a physical check exam. These exams include blood tests and possibly an X-ray to figure out the actual damaged area in your knee. Tests are done to check the strength in muscles around the knee and the ability to rotate and move it properly. In addition to this, your history of infections is also checked.
The operating process has become more efficient due to the technical advancements. If you are healthy enough, the surgery can be performed as an outpatient procedure and if performed in a hospital, a stay of 2 to 5 days is expected. The specialist shaves your skin on the area of the incision. Also, general anesthesia is given to make you unconscious during the operation. A 7 to 9 inch of cut is made in front of the knee to take out the damaged part of joint and implant the artificial knee. This procedure takes 1.5 to 2 hours. Also, this type of operation is known as minimally invasive surgery.
Again, if you are healthy enough, you can expect to be at your feet within two days. It might be difficult initially but it gets easy using supporters like a cane or a walker. Also, you might need a therapist to strengthen the muscles near your repaired knee.
As is the case with any complex medical procedure, there are certain complications and risks involved with a total knee replacement surgery. As a result of which, many doctors recommend seeking a second opinion or even a third before getting surgery. If it is such a condition which is treatable with medicine, then getting a replacement surgery should be the last resort. Here are some of the complications and risks involved with the procedure
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A prospective candidate for a total knee replacement procedure is a patient with either critically compromised joint. Such a patient can be suffering from progressive pain and impaired function.
Treatable by the medical professional.
Requires medical diagnosis.
Requires lab tests and imaging.
May require general anesthesia.
This is rare related to this
To correctly determine the right knee replacement procedure the doctors and the orthopedic surgeons check the severity of knee damage. X-rays aid in the assessment procedure. In the end, there is a selective number of choices for medical procedures depending on the age, weight, activity level, knee size and shape, and overall health of the patient.
There are quite a few symptoms which point towards osteoarthritis. These symptoms lead to the requirement of a knee replacement procedure. Some of the symptoms include.
Excruciating pain in the knee which limit day to day activities of a person.
Long-lasting knee inflammation and swelling that doesn’t get better with rest or medications.
Bowing in or out sensation in your leg.
Stiffness in the knee.
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