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Knee Replacement print download

India is among the top countries where knee replacement surgery is a rather common procedure. However, the decision of going through with the replacement surgery is entirely dependent on the doctor treating the patient. It is a known fact that almost 90% of patients who undergo implant experience a noticeable improvement in their condition. It is a surgical procedure performed by orthopedic surgeons to resurface the knee by using metal alloys or high-grade plastics and polymers at the ends of the bones that form the knee joint. It helps to relieve pain and functioning of the knee joint. One of the common indications for the medical procedure is osteoarthritis.

Read more about Frequently Asked Questions about Knee Replacement Surgery

There are Alternatives to Knee Surgeries.

Partial Knee Replacement is an alternative to it. In this, only the damaged part of the knee is replaced. The affected part is replaced with a man-made implant known as prosthetic.

 

Women are more prone to Knee problems.

More than 60 % of knee surgery patients are women.

Knee joint controls Flexion and Extension of lower leg

The joint is known as "Synovial Hinge joint" - It allows a small degree of medial and lateral rotation on moderate flexion.

Knee Trauma Is a Common Cause of Joint Deterioration

it is a complex joint with several components making it vulnerable to the different type of injuries. Some of the common injuries include sprains, fractures, ligament tear, and joint dislocations.

 

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Total Knee Anthroplasty

Knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty is a medical procedure performed to repair the damaged bone and cartilage from the affected area. To fill the vacant area, the doctors use metal alloys or high-grade plastics and polymers in operation. A rather uncommon fact about a knee replacement is that there are alternative procedures one can try before surgery. These include physical therapy, medications, assistive device. In addition, a patient can also opt for partial knee replacement designed to limit the effects of osteoarthritis to a specific part of the joint. However, with such a procedure, patients require additional precautions to make sure that arthritis does not spread.

Indications

Indications Every disorder has its own symptoms. You might need an operation for the below-listed symptoms. Have a look.

  • Stiffness in climbing the stairs.
  • You have a bowed knee.
  • Severe pain in walking.
  • Swelling in knees.
  • Nagging pain bothers you while sleeping or resting.

Pre Surgery

Before proceeding for a knee surgery your doctor will check your medical history and perform a physical check exam. These exams include blood tests and possibly an X-ray to figure out the actual damaged area in your knee. Tests are done to check the strength in muscles around the knee and the ability to rotate and move it properly. In addition to this, your history of infections is also checked.

During Surgery

The operating process has become more efficient due to the technical advancements. If you are healthy enough, the surgery can be performed as an outpatient procedure and if performed in a hospital, a stay of 2 to 5 days is expected. The specialist shaves your skin on the area of the incision. Also, general anesthesia is given to make you unconscious during the operation. A 7 to 9 inch of cut is made in front of the knee to take out the damaged part of joint and implant the artificial knee. This procedure takes 1.5 to 2 hours. Also, this type of operation is known as minimally invasive surgery.

After Surgery

Again, if you are healthy enough, you can expect to be at your feet within two days. It might be difficult initially but it gets easy using supporters like a cane or a walker. Also, you might need a therapist to strengthen the muscles near your repaired knee.

Complications

As is the case with any complex medical procedure, there are certain complications and risks involved with a total knee replacement surgery. As a result of which, many doctors recommend seeking a second opinion or even a third before getting surgery. If it is such a condition which is treatable with medicine, then getting a replacement surgery should be the last resort. Here are some of the complications and risks involved with the procedure

  • Blood clots in the legs.
  • Urinary Tract Infection: A urinary tract infection or UTI is such an infection which can affect kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra.
  • After the procedure, there may be a slight complication with the legs involving a difference in length.
  • There is also a possibility of an allergic reaction to the material used for the knee replacement procedure.
Disclaimer

The information provided on this webpage contains general information about medical conditions, causes, symptoms & treatments. The information is compiled from open sources that were available to us and is solely for the purpose of general reading & not a result of thorough research or tests conducted in laboratories. Therefore, the contents of this article are neither medical advice nor intended to replace consultation with a medical practitioner, and should not be treated as an alternative to medical diagnosis or treatment from your doctor, or any other healthcare professional.
External links to information and other websites provided here are purely for information purposes and Credihealth does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy, genuineness, reliability of such links/websites. Moreover, the information provided hereunder is not intended to be a substitute for getting in touch with emergency healthcare.

A prospective candidate for a total knee replacement procedure is a patient with either critically compromised joint. Such a patient can be suffering from progressive pain and impaired function.

  • Treatable by the medical professional.

  • Requires medical diagnosis.

  • Requires lab tests and imaging.

  • May require general anesthesia.

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Treatment of Knee replacement

To correctly determine the right knee replacement procedure the doctors and the orthopedic surgeons check the severity of knee damage. X-rays aid in the assessment procedure. In the end, there is a selective number of choices for medical procedures depending on the age, weight, activity level, knee size and shape, and overall health of the patient.

Symptoms of Knee replacement

There are quite a few symptoms which point towards osteoarthritis. These symptoms lead to the requirement of a knee replacement procedure. Some of the symptoms include.

  • Excruciating pain in the knee which limit day to day activities of a person.

  • Long-lasting knee inflammation and swelling that doesn’t get better with rest or medications.

  • Bowing in or out sensation in your leg.

  • Stiffness in the knee. 

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Osteoarthritis of Knee
Knee Surgery
Knee Replacement
Knee Problem
Knee Arthroscopy

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