MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DGO
Consultant - Obstetrics and Gynecology
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
Senior Consultant - Obstetrics and Gynecology
What are the most common gynaecological cancers?
Gynaecological cancer is the type of cancer that begins in a female’s reproductive system. The top gynecologists in India say that the most common types of gynaecological cancer are ovarian cancer and cervical cancer. Apart from these, other types of gynaecological cancers include vaginal, vulvar, and uterine cancer.
The ovaries are the part of the female reproductive system that produces egg (ova) and the hormones progesterone, estrogen and testosterone. The two ovaries are located on either side of the uterus. The type of cancer that starts in the ovaries is known as ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer can start in any part of the ovary, which include the cells that become eggs ( germ cells), the cells that make up the substance of the ovaries (stromal cells) and the cells that make up the outer layer of the ovaries (epithelial cells).
What are the symptoms of Ovarian Cancer?
The symptoms of ovarian cancer include :
Feeling like you’re full quickly while eating
Frequent urination needs
Discomfort in the abdominal region
Pain during intercourse
Weight gain or weight loss
Lower back pain that worsens progressively
If you experience these symptoms for more than 2 weeks, it is advised to seek medical consultation from a gynecologist.
How is Ovarian Cancer diagnosed?
Ovarian cancer is usually difficult to be detected when it is in the earlier stages and the patient may suffer very mild symptoms. The procedures used in order to test for ovarian cancer include pelvic exam, imaging test, blood tests and surgery. For a pelvic exam, the doctor generally uses gloved fingers in order to palpate your pelvic organs. The vagina, cervix and external genitalia are also visually examined. Imaging tests are conducted to get a clear idea of the shape, size and structure of the ovaries. Furthermore, usually a CA125 blood test is administered to aid in determining your overall health. If the doctor is not satisfied with the test reports, he might decide to go for a surgery in order to ascertain your condition.
Cervical cancer is the type of cancer that starts in cervix, the lowermost part of the uterus. It can initially affect the deeper tissues of cervix and can later metastasize to spread to other parts of the body, such as the liver, rectum, lungs and vagina. The majority of the cases of cervical cancer are caused by HPV (human papillomavirus), which can be prevented by vaccination. The various types of cervical cancer include squamous cell carcinoma, which forms in the lining of the cervix; adenocarcinoma, which forms in the cells that produce mucus and mixed carcinoma.
What are the symptoms of Cervical Cancer?
The symptoms of Cervical Cancer may go unnoticed until its spread far along the body. These symptoms include :
Pain during intercourse
Unusual and untimely vaginal bleeding
Once it’s spread to other parts of the body, it causes symptoms such as :
Uneasiness while peeing
Loss of Appetite
Weight loss and fatigue
How is Cervical Cancer diagnosed?
In order to detect cervical cancer, the doctor may begin with administering either a Pap Test or HPV DNA test. For the Pap Test, some of the cells from the cervix are scraped and taken off as samples. In the laboratory, it is examined to detect any kind of abnormalities, such as cancerous growth.
For the latter, the cells are examined to trace any signs of HPV, which is most likely to cause cervical cancer.
Why Choose Credihealth for a Gynecologist in India?
Credihealth is an online healthcare portal for all your hospital appointment bookings, diagnostic test bookings, ordering medications, or homecare services. Credihealth has an extensive list of hospitals and gynaecologists who focus primarily on woman care. View our Top Gynecologist in India listing, which consists of details like doctor fees, years of experience, areas of expertise, doctor timings, qualifications, and much more. If you have any inquiries, our inhouse medical experts can help solve them and guide you towards the right doctor.
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No, the role of a gynecologist is to promote women’s overall health. Women can visit gynecologists with or without pregnancy.
Answered by: Dr. Ashwanth Prathapani on 06/06/2020
Common tests include pap smears, pelvic exams, ultrasound, STI tests, blood tests and more.
Answered by: Dr. Ashwanth Prathapani on 15/04/2020
To ease menstrual pain, one can exercise, use a heating pad for relief, take a hot water bath, and sleep.
Answered by: Dr. Ashwanth Prathapani on 27/06/2020
No, pap smear test is not painful. However, it may cause some discomfort.
Answered by: Dr. Ashwanth Prathapani on 02/07/2020
A girl should visit a gynecologist for regular screenings between the ages of 13-15.
Answered by: Dr. Ashwanth Prathapani on 04/05/2020
Yes, gynecologists deliver babies.
Answered by: Dr. Ashwanth Prathapani on 10/05/2020
Obstetrics means medical science associated with childbirth, pregnancy and postpartum period.
Answered by: Dr. Ashwanth Prathapani on 17/04/2020
Yes, these specialists can help in detection of gynecological cancers.
Answered by: Dr. Ashwanth Prathapani on 23/08/2020
Common symptoms of PCOS are heavy periods, acne, facial hair, male-pattern balding and more.
Answered by: Dr. Ashwanth Prathapani on 27/12/2020
Yes, a pelvic exam can be performed during menstruation.
Answered by: Dr. Ashwanth Prathapani on 11/05/2020