In the procedure of spine surgery, the neurosurgeon may remove parts of bone, ligaments from your back, cutaway bones to widen the space, join the bones together or modify some vertebrae to ease your problem. The type of surgery conducted would depend upon your condition and should be discussed with your doctor.
The procedure of spine surgery varies with the type of surgery which comes with their benefits and risks. There are different types of spinal surgeries, some of them are:
It is a common procedure for surgery in cases of chronic non-specific back pain with degenerative changes. The doctor, in such cases, joins the spinal bones (called vertebrae) together.
Laminectomy: This is the most common surgical procedure for spinal stenosis, which puts pressure on the spinal cord and the nerves within the spine. In this procedure, the surgeon removes parts of bone, bone spurs or ligaments in the back. This relieves pressure on the spinal nerves and eases pain and weakness.
Foraminotomy: This procedure is used to relieve pain associated with a compressed nerve in the spine. The surgeon, in this procedure, cuts away sides of the bones in the vertebrae to widen the space where the nerves exit the spine. The extra room will relieve the pressure on the nerves and consequently ease pain and discomfort.
Discectomy: This procedure involves the removal of a portion of a disc to relieve inflammation of the nerve. It usually involves full or partial removal of a portion of a vertebra to create access to the ruptured disc.
Placement of Artificial discs: Implanted artificial discs are an alternative treatment to spinal fusion to relieve painful movement between two discs due to an injury. It is a relatively new procedure and may not be an advisable option for many patients.