Colectomy is a surgical procedure for removal of colon (large intestine), either completely or partially.
Colectomy may be of following types:
Total colectomy: entire colon is removed
Partial colectomy: colon is partially removed
Hemicolectomy: half of the colon is removed (right or left)
Proctocolectomy: the entire colon and the rectum are removed
After colectomy, your surgeon will perform another procedure to reattach the remaining portions of your digestive system and allow waste to flow out of your body.
There are certain pre-requisites for Colectomy.
On the advice of the treating doctor, the medications that can increase the risk of complications will have to be stopped 2 weeks prior to the surgery.
Colonoscopy is done to examine the colon.
You should not eat or drink anything for 8 to 10 hours prior to the surgery.
You will be given a laxative solution to completely clear the bowels, prior to the surgery.
Recovery period is longer with open surgery than with laparoscopic surgery.
Hospital stay of few days is generally required. The patient will initially be on IV fluids, then clear liquids are started and gradually semi solids and solids will be given as and when the healing occurs. The patient is sent home on a soft diet.
If you have a colostomy, the nurse will explain how to take care of the stoma and how to change the colostomy bag.
It is also called a colon resection.
Most of the colon resections are performed using the minimally invasive approach.
The surgery may begin as a minimally invasive surgery but may have to be converted to open surgery.
Credihealth is a medical assistance company that gives guidance to a patient from the first consultation through the entire hospitalization process. A team of in-house Credihealth doctors helps the patient find the right doctor, book appointment, request cost estimate for procedures and manage admission & discharge processes.