Congenital heart surgery is done for treatment of congenital heart defects (defects that a child is born with/defects present at birth) that adversely affect a child’s health. Congenital heart defects can affect the heart valves, arteries and veins carrying blood to the heart and away from the heart to the other parts of the body and/or septum that separate heart chambers.
Echocardiography is done to create a moving picture of the heart. Echo helps in diagnosing the problem, following it over time and in deciding that when treatment is needed. Fetal Echo may be advised by the doctor if congenital heart defects are suspected during pregnancy.
Electrocardiogram testing may be done to record the heart’s rhythm.
A chest x ray may also be advised.
Cardiac catheterization may be done to see the flow of blood through the heart and view the blood vessels on an x ray image.
Recovery is faster with catheter procedures as chest need not be surgically opened. Complete recovery can take several weeks. There will be pain post surgery which will take a few days to weeks to completely subside.
Activities like cycling, skating and swimming that can hurt the chest must not be done till allowed by the doctor.
The child will be irritable and will need support from the caregivers to return to daily activities.
It may also be called as congenital cardiovascular surgery.
Some congenital defects are small & asymptomatic and do not require any surgical treatment.
Those who have complex congenital heart defects may need several catheterizations and surgeries over a period of time.
Credihealth is a medical assistance company that gives guidance to a patient from the first consultation through the entire hospitalization process. A team of in-house Credihealth doctors helps the patient find the right doctor, book appointment, request cost estimate for procedures and manage admission & discharge processes.