Heart valve surgery is performed to replace or repair heart valves that are not functioning properly. This abnormal functioning may cause blood flow blockage which may prove fatal for the patient.
When experiencing major heart symptoms, such as -
shortness of breath,
chest pain (angina),
temporary loss of consciousness (syncope) or
When infection called endocarditis has damaged the heart valves.
If the patient has already undergone this surgery in the past and the valves are still not functioning properly (which may be leading to other health problems, such as infection, blood clot, bleeding, etc.)
Complete medical history of the patient along with the necessary diagnostic and blood tests is submitted to the doctor.
If the patient is pregnant, then the doctor should be immediately informed.
In case the patient is allergic to any medicine, anesthetic agents (general and local), etc. the doctor should be notified.
If the patient is put on any medication that may affect blood clotting, then the doctor may ask him alter medication.
If the patient is a smoker, then he should immediately quit smoking prior the surgery.
Heart Valve Surgery is performed by an experienced cardiac surgeon. The patient is given general anesthesia.
An intravenous (IV) line is inserted in the patient’s arm along with additional catheters in the wrist and neck to assess the blood pressure and heart condition
An incision is made and breastbone (sternum) is divided into two halves to expose the heart.
The tubes are inserted into the patient’s heart so that the blood can be circulated in the body by a machine calledCardiopulmonary Bypass.
After diverting blood into the machine, the heart will be injected with a cold solution and valve is replaced.
If the valve can be repaired then the surgeon will trim, re-shape or re-build the value. The surgeon may also perform Ring Annuloplasty wherein surgeon repairs ring-like part of the valve.
After the surgery, the heart will be made to restart with the help of electrical shock paddles.
The patient will be required to stay in the hospital for 5-7 days. Recovery may take a few weeks or longer depending upon the patient’s health.
Risk and Complication
Success rate of this surgery is relatively high. However, risks include
Risk of infection,
Excessive bleeding and
Blood clot around the valves may rarely occur
Fever and chest pain
If you have any additional questions, talk to our in-house doctors. Call 1800-1022-733 (toll free).
Credihealth is a medical assistance company that gives guidance to a patient from the first consultation through the entire hospitalization process. A team of in-house Credihealth doctors helps the patient find the right doctor, book appointment, request cost estimate for procedures and manage admission & discharge processes.