The condition in which the blood vessels in and around the anus and lower rectum get swollen and inflamed is called piles. Sometimes the passing bowel movements irritate and stretch the vein walls, which lead to their swelling.
The symptoms are:
Anal bleeding (bright red colour)
Pain or tenderness during defecation
Hard lump close to the anus
Itching of the anus
Mucous discharge from the anus
What causes Piles?
Piles (haemorrhoids) can affect anybody after a certain age. Piles are observed more frequently among older people and during pregnancy.
Excessive abdominal pressure may lead to the swelling of the veins, which in turn can cause piles.
Obesity, sitting for a long time, pregnancy, excessive straining during defecation, heavy strenuous physical activity, coughing, and sneezing may be the reasons for the extreme pressure that can lead to piles.
Risk of piles increases in the population that fancies processed foods diet.
A general practitioner can be consulted or treatment can be availed from the pharmacies. There are creams that help reduce the swelling and ease the pain.
Warm bath for around 15 minutes in a day for quite a number of times can treat piles.
Pain can be relieved by taking painkillers.
Laxatives can be used in case you are suffering from constipation
Injection can be given which may cease the haemorrhoid to a considerable extent.
Rubber-band ligation can also used to remove prolapsed haemorrhoids to close off its blood supply thoroughly.
The end of the haemorrhoid can be sealed off by using laser or an electric probe.
Very painful internal haemorrhoids can be treated by surgery called haemorrhoidectomy.
The recovery time is around 2 weeks post-surgery
In some cases full recovery might require 6 weeks. Keep your stools soft so that they can be excreted easily
Keep a high fibre diet
Have plenty of fluids
Take supplements like Citrucel or Metamucil
Consult a general physician first.
In case a surgery is needed you shall be referred to either a general surgeon or a gastroenterologist. Sclerotherapy will cost around Rs 1000 to 3000
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