Septoplasty is a surgical procedure for correction of deviated nasal septum, a bone that divides two nostrils.
The condition of a deviated septum takes place if the septum shifts more towards one side of the nose. This condition results in one nasal passage becoming smaller and the other one being larger resulting in breathing difficulties. During the procedure, the septum is straightened and positioned in the middle of the nostrils.
The procedure is commonly called Nasal Septum Surgery.
A deviated septum is common in many individuals, but when this condition becomes more severe, one of the nasal passages might get blocked, thus restricting the flow of air in and out of lungs. A deviated septum may also lead to bleeding or crusting in some patients. Nasal surgery is recommended in such severe cases.
Sometimes the procedure is performed as a cosmetic surgery along with rhinoplasty, to simply reposition a crooked nose.
Before the procedure, the doctor will
Conduct a thorough physical examination and take photographs of the nose
Advise to stop blood thinners, at least 2 weeks before the procedure
Recommend against smoking
Septoplasty can be performed either under the influence of local anesthesia or general anesthesia. The type of anesthesia that is to be given to the patient is a decision taken by the patient in consultation with the doctor.
On the whole the procedure takes up roughly around 45 to 60 minutes. The experience of the procedure depends on the type of anesthesia.
During the surgery, an incision is made on the nose. The nasal bone is trimmed and repositioned. Absorbable stitches are used to suture the incision.
Silicon pads will be inserted in the nostrils to support the repositioned septum and a bandage will be applied on the nose.
In most cases, the patient can go home within a few hours after the procedure. For faster healing, the doctor will advise
Not to indulge in any kind of strenuous tasks. Indulging in exercise or jogging may cause bleeding of the nose
Not to blow or prick the nose
Sleep with head elevated at an angle
Risk and Complication
Like any other surgical procedure, septoplasty too involves certain risks, they are:
Excessive bleeding during and after the surgery
Nose may be slightly changed in shape
Affect the sensation of smell
Upper gums may experience some numbness
Benefits of Nasal Septum Surgery or Septoplasty
Septoplasty helps in the cure of sleep apnea. Troubled breathing during sleep is one of the most common symptoms of a deviated septum.
Headache and any sort of nasal pain will also recede
Sinus problems may be solved
A septoplasty generally costs around INR 40,000 to 60,000 in top Indian hospitals.
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