Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) Shunt Surgery is a procedure to drain excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collected in the brain’s ventricles and relieve pressure on the brain due to fluid accumulation.
The procedure is performed when there is too much pressure in the brain caused due to CSF accumulation, a medical condition called hydrocephalus. It mostly occurs in babies and older adults.
Normally, cerebrospinal fluid flows through the ventricles of the brain, thereby immersing the brain and spinal cord in it and eventually gets absorbed in the blood. When this normal flow is disrupted, it causes fluid accumulation and puts harmful pressure on brain tissues. VP Shunt drains fluid from the brain to other parts of the body where the fluid is absorbed.
Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Surgery is also called Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunt Surgery or VP Shunt Surgery.