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Heart bypass surgery is performed to repair the blood supplying arteries to the heart. The procedure involves the insertion of a cannula through the right and left side of the heart to ensure protection against the collapse of arteries, veins, and heart chambers. This is done to provide supplemental blood flow through the system and enable the beating process in the heart. The doctor skilled in performing heart bypass surgeries is known as cardiac surgeons. This medical procedure is also known as open heart surgery. The major cause is blockage of coronary arteries due to which blood flow gets restricted and leads to death, if not treated timely. The surgery helps to lower the risk of a heart attack. Once the patient undergoes the open heart surgery, symptoms like chest pain and shortness of breath improve drastically.

Read about "Beating Heart Bypass Surgery"

Rehabilitation process takes 3 to 4 weeks.

To avoid the risks, you should take complete rest, follow a healthy diet plan and practice a few sets of exercises - only if prescribed by the doctor.

Immediate Alleviation of Symptoms

Most patients notice an immediate improvement in severe symptoms after surgery. This includes symptoms like high blood pressure, severe chest pain and shortness of breath. 

A Healthy Lifestyle is the Best Preventive Measure

This includes a heart-friendly diet and getting plenty of exercises. A heart-friendly diet includes food rich in omega-3 fatty acids and low in saturated and trans fats. Getting at least half an hour of moderate physical activity a day will also prevent coronary blockage.

 

 

 

Angioplasty is an Alternative to Bypass Surgery

In some cases, doctors recommend angioplasty instead of bypass surgery when it comes to a coronary blockage. Although an angioplasty is only advisable in certain cases which are not too severe, it is less risky than a bypass. However, the doctor is in the best position to advise a suitable course of action in this case.

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Heart Bypass Surgery - Symptoms

Comparatively, men report more symptoms of heart diseases and disorders than females. The symptoms include chest pain, fatigue, negative emotional symptoms and chest incision discomfort. Unlike men, symptoms seen in women include breast discomfort and numbness in the chest. Other symptoms include.

  • When a patient has more than one diseased coronary artery and the heart's left ventricle isn’t functioning effectively.

  • The patient has severe chest pain caused by narrowing of arteries supplying blood to the heart muscles.

  • The patient’s left main coronary artery is blocked. This artery supplies most of the blood to the left ventricle.

  • The patient has an artery blockage for which angioplasty isn't suitable or a previous angioplasty has been unsuccessful.

Types of Heart Bypass Surgery

The treatment is recommended on the basis of how many of your arteries are blocked. More the blockage of arteries more is the risk of heart failure. The surgical process has four types, Given below is the list, have a look.

  • Single Bypass: Only one artery is blocked.

  • Double Bypass: Two Arteries are blocked.

  • Triple Bypass: Three Arteries are blocked.

  • Quadruple Bypass: Four Arteries are blocked.

Also, there are several approaches to process heart bypass surgery. Some of them include the LITA ( Left Internal Thoracic Artery), it is diverted to the left anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery. In this method, the artery is not detached from the origin.

In the second method, a great saphenous vein is removed from a leg; one end is attached to the aorta and the other is attached to the obstructed artery to restore the flow of blood. Depending on the number of coronary arteries blocked, there are different types of bypass surgery. Single bypass in which only one artery is blocked, Double bypass in which two arteries are blocked, Triple bypass where three arteries are blocked and Quadruple bypass where four arteries are blocked.

Risks - HBS

Every surgery carries some risks with it, but recent technological advancements have improved the medical procedure. Coronary artery disease is one of the most common ailments seen in the age group above 60 years old, risk-benefit ratio favors operation of older patients because of resistance to optimum medical therapies.  It is important to know about the risks associated, some of them include.

  • Chest Pain

  • Memory Loss

  • Bleeding

  • Arrhythmias

  • Stroke

  • Kidney Problems

  • Infection

  • Low-Grade Fever

Outcomes - HBS

After successful bypass surgery, symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, and high blood pressure will improve. A successful graft lasts for between 8-15 years. Chances of success and sustained improvement are higher if the patient is younger without any other diseases.

The best way to improve outcomes and make sure that the surgery is a success over a sustained period of time is to make lifestyle changes. Changes in diet and having a healthy and active lifestyle are a surefire way to increase chances of success of the surgery.

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Disclaimer

The information provided on this webpage contains general information about medical conditions, causes, symptoms & treatments. The information is compiled from open sources that were available to us and is solely for the purpose of general reading & not a result of thorough research or tests conducted in laboratories. Therefore, the contents of this article are neither medical advice nor intended to replace consultation with a medical practitioner, and should not be treated as an alternative to medical diagnosis or treatment from your doctor, or any other healthcare professional.
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About

Also known as Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery. Heart bypass surgery, or coronary artery bypass surgery, replace damaged arteries that supply blood directly to your heart. A surgeon uses blood vessels taken from another area of your body to repair the damaged arteries.  

  • Treatable by medical professional

  • Requires medical diagnosis

  • Requires lab tests and imaging

  • Requires general anaesthesia


 

Treatment of Heart bypass surgery

  • Heart bypass surgery or coronary bypass is used & recommended when one or more than one of the blood vessels that pump blood to the heart gets temporarily blocked.

  • Damaged arteries that supply blood directly to your heart are replaced in the process. A surgeon uses blood vessels taken from another area of your body to repair the damaged arteries.

  • Cardiac Surgeons provide the diagnosis for heart problems and also perform open heart surgery.

Symptoms of Heart bypass surgery

Bypass surgery is performed to treat coronary heart disease. This occurs when plaque builds up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart. The symptoms are felt mostly in the shoulders, lower back, jaw, and neck. Some of the symptoms include.

  • Chest pain, which is known as angina

  • Irregular heartbeat

  • Shortness of breath and dizziness

  • Heart attack in extreme cases

  • Heaviness and burning sensation in the chest

  • There are 60000 bypass surgeries that are conducted in India every year.

 

Wiki Tags

Heart
Congestive Heart Failure
Congenital Heart Surgery
Congenital Heart Block

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