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Hernia surgery is performed when there is a cut in the muscle which makes a way for the tissues and organs to project forward through a hole. And, the surgery becomes a must when the case is severe. In some cases, surgery is immediately performed as there is a fear of the organs being destroyed. Hernias are of various types. To name a few - an inguinal hernia, incisional hernia, epigastric hernia, umbilical hernia, femoral hernia, and many others.

Also, Read about Reasons not to delay hernia surgery.

Picking up a heavy object can lead to a hernia

 If you keep on lifting something heavy every other day then it might pressurize the tissues in the belly walls and muscles. Obesity, pressurizing oneself for bowel movements and urination, severe coughing and sneezing. All these concerns can cause hernia.

 

An unrepaired hernia can cause serious problems

If a hernia is left unrepaired then there is a chance for it to extend into the scrotum thereby interrupting in the passage of bowel movements. A person is bound to suffer from excruciating pain, dizziness and vomiting. Gangrene in the intestines can also be formed in the long term thereby posing a threat to life.

Surgery is the only way out.

Though the only way out to get rid of hernias is undergoing a surgical process small hernias do not affect a patient. A patient with a small hernia is asked to take proper care of a hernia and let the doctor know whether or not it is protruding. If it is aching surgery is the only way out.

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Types of Hernia Treatment

There are three types of processes using which hernias are repaired, namely - tension repair, open tension-free repair, and laparoscopic tension-free repair.

Tension repair: For many years surgeons have been dependent only on this method of surgery. In this type of repair, a slit is made on the abdomen where a hernia lies. The surgeon corrects the position of any tissue which tends to bulge out and then stitches the area. This method of repair is currently discarded by the doctors keeping in mind the comfort of the patients.

Flat mesh repair: The flat mesh repair is usually performed by a cut on the portion over a hernia. A flat mesh is used which is generally carved out of plastic and the portion is stitched back again.

  • A very small discomfort is felt during the procedure.
  • Patients generally recover rapidly.
  • The entire procedure is completed just by using general anesthesia.

Three-dimensional mesh repair: A three-dimensional mesh device is used called as PROLENE. The three patches of this device make the process even more effective.

  • The procedure takes just twenty minutes to forty minutes.
  • Local anesthesia is used.
  • No discomfort to the patient.
  • The patient gets well very soon and returns back to everyday activities.

Symptoms of Hernia

The most easily seen symptom of a hernia is a swelling on the affected portion. The others include

  • The lower abdomen pains while trying to bend down in order to lift something.
  • Coughing and sneezing.
  • Numbness in Abdomen.
  • A burning sensation on the sides of the swelling. An exorbitant pain in the chest. Acidity Problem while swallowing food.

Risks in Hernia Treatment

Like all other operations, this surgery is quite safe. But with surgeries, there is always a risk. Risks related with the hernia surgery are listed below, have a look.

  • The wounded area is easily infected.
  • Clotting of blood as the patient was under anesthesia, therefore, disabling him or her to move for a long duration of time.
  • Pain becomes unbearable after the surgery has been performed.
  • Laparoscopic pain is much less as compared to when stitches are done.
  • Certain nerves may also get bruised.
  • Stitches on the wound can also get tangled. In that case, you might feel pain. Tell your doctor immediately. A hernia is such an illness which can come back even after it has been operated upon. The best way to stop it from affecting you is to use a mesh. Various studies have shown that using a mesh can reduce the risk of it coming back.

Types of Hernia

A hernia is a bulge caused by a pushed out tissue through the muscle wall holding inside, it can be an abdominal hernia. A hernia mostly happens in belly and groin regions in your body. Some of the common causes are carrying heavy weights, weak muscles, and genetic disorder. There are different types of hernia , some of the names include.

  • Inguinal Hernia: It happens when a small part of bowel bulges out of the inguinal canal-a passage or opening through belly wall into the groin.
  • Femoral Hernia: It appears as a painful lump within the upper portion of thigh, it may disappear when you lie down. Straining and Coughing can make the lump appear again.
  • Umbilical Hernia: It creates a bulge like structure near the navel and occurs at a protrusion through an opening in abdominal muscles. Common most Umbilical hernia symptoms include sudden vomiting and severe pain.
  • Incisional Hernia: It is caused by incompletely healed- surgical wound. Incisional hernia symptoms include swelling, fever, and bleeding.
Disclaimer

The information provided on this webpage contains general information about medical conditions, causes, symptoms & treatments. The information is compiled from open sources that were available to us and is solely for the purpose of general reading & not a result of thorough research or tests conducted in laboratories. Therefore, the contents of this article are neither medical advice nor intended to replace consultation with a medical practitioner, and should not be treated as an alternative to medical diagnosis or treatment from your doctor, or any other healthcare professional.
External links to information and other websites provided here are purely for information purposes and Credihealth does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy, genuineness, reliability of such links/websites. Moreover, the information provided hereunder is not intended to be a substitute for getting in touch with emergency healthcare.

About

  • Hernia surgery is also known as herniorrhaphy.

  • The procedure takes place by making a slit on your hernia. The slit is made about 6 to 8 cm’s long. The mass of fatty tissue is placed back into your abdomen. A protective layer generally known as a mesh is usually placed on your abdominal wall in order to make the weakened parts strong.

  • It is a treatable problem.

  • Lab tests are required.

  • General anaesthesia may or may not be used.

Treatment of Hernia surgery

A binder or a corset is generally advised to be worn by your doctor. This actually keeps a hernia in place without any tile. Till the operation is performed this protectects you from internal damage.

Symptoms of Hernia surgery

  • A bulge is felt underneath your belly but it can vanish as soon as you lie down straight on your back.
  • The abdomen is tended to feel heavy and at times you can even see blood in your stool along with constipation.

  • A displeasure in the abdomen especially when you pick up heavy objects.

  • Pain in the chest

  • Pain in the upper portion of the abdomen.

  • Unable to swallow food and water.

  • More than one million hernia surgeries are performed each year.

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