Hernia surgery is performed when there is a cut in the muscle which makes a way for the tissues and organs to project forward through a hole. And, the surgery becomes a must when the case is severe. In some cases, surgery is immediately performed as there is a fear of the organs being destroyed. Hernias are of various types. To name a few - an inguinal hernia, incisional hernia, epigastric hernia, umbilical hernia, femoral hernia, and many others.
Also, Read about Reasons not to delay hernia surgery.
If you keep on lifting something heavy every other day then it might pressurize the tissues in the belly walls and muscles. Obesity, pressurizing oneself for bowel movements and urination, severe coughing and sneezing. All these concerns can cause hernia.
If a hernia is left unrepaired then there is a chance for it to extend into the scrotum thereby interrupting in the passage of bowel movements. A person is bound to suffer from excruciating pain, dizziness and vomiting. Gangrene in the intestines can also be formed in the long term thereby posing a threat to life.
Though the only way out to get rid of hernias is undergoing a surgical process small hernias do not affect a patient. A patient with a small hernia is asked to take proper care of a hernia and let the doctor know whether or not it is protruding. If it is aching surgery is the only way out.
There are three types of processes using which hernias are repaired, namely - tension repair, open tension-free repair, and laparoscopic tension-free repair.
Tension repair: For many years surgeons have been dependent only on this method of surgery. In this type of repair, a slit is made on the abdomen where a hernia lies. The surgeon corrects the position of any tissue which tends to bulge out and then stitches the area. This method of repair is currently discarded by the doctors keeping in mind the comfort of the patients.
Flat mesh repair: The flat mesh repair is usually performed by a cut on the portion over a hernia. A flat mesh is used which is generally carved out of plastic and the portion is stitched back again.
Three-dimensional mesh repair: A three-dimensional mesh device is used called as PROLENE. The three patches of this device make the process even more effective.
The most easily seen symptom of a hernia is a swelling on the affected portion. The others include
Like all other operations, this surgery is quite safe. But with surgeries, there is always a risk. Risks related with the hernia surgery are listed below, have a look.
A hernia is a bulge caused by a pushed out tissue through the muscle wall holding inside, it can be an abdominal hernia. A hernia mostly happens in belly and groin regions in your body. Some of the common causes are carrying heavy weights, weak muscles, and genetic disorder. There are different types of hernia , some of the names include.
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Hernia surgery is also known as herniorrhaphy.
The procedure takes place by making a slit on your hernia. The slit is made about 6 to 8 cm’s long. The mass of fatty tissue is placed back into your abdomen. A protective layer generally known as a mesh is usually placed on your abdominal wall in order to make the weakened parts strong.
It is a treatable problem.
Lab tests are required.
General anaesthesia may or may not be used.
A binder or a corset is generally advised to be worn by your doctor. This actually keeps a hernia in place without any tile. Till the operation is performed this protectects you from internal damage.
The abdomen is tended to feel heavy and at times you can even see blood in your stool along with constipation.
A displeasure in the abdomen especially when you pick up heavy objects.
Pain in the chest
Pain in the upper portion of the abdomen.
Unable to swallow food and water.
More than one million hernia surgeries are performed each year.
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