Causes of Brain Swelling:
Brain edema also known as cerebral edema or brain swelling, happens as a result of an impact to the brain or a brain injury. It may happen either to sudden increase in blood pressure, any accident that causes brain injury or due to any infectious disease like mumps, malaria, Reyes syndrome, typhus and Kawasaki disease. In most of the cases, this swelling leads to disruption of the blood brain barrier.
Brain swelling impairs the patient’s cognitive and behavioural function, indirectly affecting most important life skills and normal functioning of an individual. In severe cases it may lead to severe brain damage and death. It is advised to seek immediate medical attention to save the patient’s life.
Since the most common cause of concussion or brain swelling is falling, people with mobility challenges or physical handicap related to proper functioning of an individual like walking and balance, are most prone to brains swelling and should always be accommodated with a caregiver. Children are more prone to it since their sense of equilibrium is still developing and have poor balance. Sportsmen and sportswomen who play high impact sports are also prone to brain injuries and should always adhere to protective mechanisms like high protection helmets to avoid such life threatening conditions.
Brain swelling has been associated with increased intracranial pressure. This increase is the major factor behind brain damage as mass destruction of brain tissues and blood vessels happens, that leads to impaired blood and oxygen flow to the brain.
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Symptoms of Brain Swelling:
- Any change in the conscious state
- Acting funny or weird suddenly especially post any traumatic background around brain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Numbness and dizziness
- Lack of Coordination
- Headache that is persistent
- Mood changes
- Memory lapse
- Changes in vision or sense of smell
It is always advised to check with neurologist if more than three or four symptoms are constantly observed and have started affecting the normal functioning of the individual.
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