Collagen in Wound Care Treatment

The Value of Collagen in Wound Care Treatment

Big, Bold Protein Power

Collage in the biggest and boldest protein in the human body and most of it makes our skin a place called home. The beneficial usage of wound care dressings that are filled with collagen, collagen powder, or a cream ointment that contains collagen can accelerate the wound healing time. The wounds may be caused from a variety of reasons such as a fall, a surgical procedure, venous ulcers, diabetic ulcers, and more. There are a few things to be aware of before using wound healing approaches with collagen in them.

What Does Collagen Do Anyway?

16% of our bodies are protein. Collagen accounts for around 30% of that 16%. This makes Collagen the most abundant protein in the human body. Collagen is protein that is key to the structural health of all the many connective tissues in the body. Connective tissues include:

  • Skin
  • Ligaments
  • Tendons
  • Cartilage
  • Bones

Collagen is a powerful protein that works as a flexible glue of sorts and can hold and bind the cells in the connective tissue together. Additionally, it sends out those SOS signals that our amazing bodies can do when repair is needed for things like damaged cells and decreases the severity of inflammation.

Collagen needs a few “friends” to help, though:

  • Amino acids such as:
    • Glycine
    • Proline
    • Alanine
    • Hydroxyproline (when Vitamin C synthesizes proline and lysine, hydroxyproline is the result)

These components are building blocks that as one unit become the larger and more complex collagen structure. This structure goes to work to strengthen fibers that are called fibrils. They are essential for the support of structural tissue and promote flexibility in the joint, muscles, and bones.

As bodies age, they don’t produce as much collagen, and the decrease continues as age goes up. The decrease begins around age 30 and gets more aggressive into the 40s. It can’t be denied or go unnoticed, your body will show you how much it is missing collagen:

  • Wrinkles
  • Crepey skin
  • Fingernails that are brittle
  • Thinning hair
  • Decrease in body hair
  • Leaky gut (which causes many other medical issues)
  • Achy joints

Women who are menopausal or post-menopausal have even more aggressive drops in the generation of collagen.

Also, Read: Menopause & The Changes It Brings With It

The Predictability of the Wound Healing Process

Most wounds follow a path of healing that is predictable. Collagen is needed in masses. The second phase of healing is where it’s needed the most (proliferation). There are three steps that the human body takes for it to heal a wound.:

  • Inflammation Phase: Homeostasis and inflammation are the first stage.
  • Proliferation Phase: the body magically fills in the wound with rejuvenated tissue. Fibroblasts make their way to the scene and buddy up with the red blood cells in the body assisting collagen synthesis and other elements to create that new layer of amazing skin.
  • Remodeling Phase: Production of scar tissue occurs in this phase.

What Conditions Can Stop the Body from Healing Properly?

There are several factors that can affect how well we heal from our wounds.

  • Age- Humans lose the natural capability to create and maintain a healthy collagen level in their bodies as they grow in age. Specifically, after the age of 65 when collagen loss becomes more of a problem if the patient gets a wound.
  • Weak nutrition: Protein deficiency occurs when the protein that is taken in does not meet the requirements to support all of the body’s needs. This has an affect on the body’s natural healing ability because it interferes with the proliferation phase in the healing cycle.
  • Vitamin Deficiencies in C and A: Vitamin C is of utmost importance for the synthesis of collagen. Vitamin A is the necessary element for the collagen protein fibril
  • Minerals: Copper and Zinc are both important elements to help create new collagen proteins that promote the building of new skin.

Beneficial Qualities of Collagen Use for Wound Healing

Collagen controls the traffic in your body. It helps guide various cells to the wound such as the fibroblast and keratinocytes that help tissue growth speed up around the area of the wound.

Collagen powder, dressing containing collagen, or collagen gel can help to treat many wounds including:

  • Burns
  • Cuts
  • Chronic wounds that heal slow or refuse to heal at all
  • Bed sores
  • Ulcers of various kinds

Keep in mind, it is not advisable to put collagen treatments directly onto a burn that is of a third degree, injuries where the burned tissue has already fallen off, or if the patient has any allergies to bird, swine, cattle, or horse products. Before you work on your own wound healing, or you want to introduce something new to your prescribed treatment you should always consult your primary or your wound care clinician first. Collage is incredibly flexible which makes it easy to use. It comes in several different forms such as wound dressing pads, powders, pastes, and gel.

Risk of Infection Decreases

When collagen is used in wound treatment it can help bring down the risk of infection. The collagen will form a protective shield around the wound and form a layer of protection to keep external bacteria off the wound.

Decreased Irritation

Collagen has natural qualities that offer a soft and mildly moist environment that contributes to the ease of any irritation the patient may feel from the wound. Since collagen naturally occurs on an ongoing basis in our bodies, it isn’t a foreign element and the body won’t try to react or reject it. A few allergies to be aware of have already been mentioned, but you should still read the ingredients list on any treatments you buy in any form. Always look for your allergens such as eggs, meat, fish, or gluten. Be sure you always consult your physician when introducing new approaches in your treatment.

Conclusion

Collagen accounts for most of the protein in the human body. It’s presence in the skin is prevalent and urgent since the skin is the largest organ in our bodies. Collagen holds much of our body together such as skin, cartilage, and even our hair, and this just a few parts of our bodies getting glued by collagen. Because we start life with plenty of collagen being made as we age, we don’t produce as much. Age, sun, smoking, and other activities destroy the collagen we do have. Eating well is essential since protein, amino acids, and the minerals and vitamins our body’s need come from what we put in our body.

About The Author

Heidi West is a medical writer for Vohra Wound Physicians, a national wound care physician group. She writes about health and medicine including wound management and healing.

Disclaimer: The statements, opinions, and data contained in these publications are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of Credihealth and the editor(s).

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