What should I do before I get pregnant to ensure healthy pregnancy?
- Make sure you are perfectly healthy
- Avoid drinking and smoking
- Talk to your partner about having a child
How to detect pregnancy?
Pregnancy can be detected using a pregnancy detection kit that analyses the urine samples. If it shows a positive, it can be confirmed at a laboratory.
Diet and Exercise?
The diet should be a simple ,nutritious one .The person should not exercise unless with the consultation of a doctor.
The sooner a person quits smoking, the better it will be for conception. Smoking increases the risk of miscarriage and stillbirth and also means your baby can be born smaller and weaker.
Before a person decides to get pregnant, she has to consult her family doctors regarding the chances of the baby being born with a high degree of deformities. Especially if the marriage is within the family.
Antenatal care is the expert help offered by physicians to pregnant women. A person is offered appointments with a midwife or a doctor who specialises in pregnancy comes to help.
Morning Sickness, breathing trouble, nose bleeds, varicose veins, heartburn
Morning sickness – Morning sickness is prominent after week 6.It subsides by the second trimester.
Breathing trouble – Feeling out of breath is common in late pregnancy when the enlarged uterus pushes other organs out of the way and the lungs have little room to breathe.
Nose bleeds – Caused by increases oestrogen levels, nasal congestion starts in the second week and ends quite late into the pregnancy.
Varicose veins – They become very prominent in the second trimester.
Heartburn – Also called acid indigestion is a burning sensation caused by hormonal changes in the body. It comes and goes until a baby is born.
A miscarriage is the loss of the foetus before the 20th week of pregnancy. The symptoms are
- Severe cramps
- Back pain
- Abdominal pain
Eating during pregnancy, do’s and dont’s?
- Get all essential vitamins daily
- Fill your plate with green leafy vegetables and whole grains
- Avoid eating raw or uncured meat
- Cold ready-to-eat foods
- Alcohol consumption
Exercise during pregnancy, do’s and donts?
- Follow the advice of the doctor
- Perform simple exercises that are easy to be done
- Avoid lifting heavy weights
- Avoid stretching yourselves too much
How much weight should I gain during pregnancy?
- A pregnant woman does not need to actually “eat for two”. She only needs to eat 300 calories per day.
- An average weighing woman needs to gain only 11-15 kgs.
- Under-weighing woman should gain up to 18kgs
- Overweight women should gain 5-11 kgs
Risk of Smoking/drinking during pregnancy?
Smoking/Drinking may have a damaging effect on the developing foetus and contribute to other medical problems as it grows.
Risk of Drugs during pregnancy
Taking drugs increases the chances of birth defects. Drugs have a direct impact on the foetus.