Sports are great means of pushing away the side effects of sedentary lifestyle, while enjoying something that you love. Being passionate about sports can start early in childhood or develop late in adulthood. But there is always a certain extent of risk involved with sports, if not played in the right fashion and if not done under supervision. Sports injuries affect millions of people; good part is most of these are avoidable, given that most of them are caused by straining and overuse and can be easily prevented by doing appropriate pre and post sport stretching.
The most common sports injuries include sprains, strains, tennis elbow, and Jumper’s knee. All of these happen as a result of overuse of a particular joint, overstretching and injury to ligaments, tendons or muscles. While few of them are accidental, most of them happen due to overuse and building up of fatigue.
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The tips given below come handy for treating most of the initial sports injuries. The most essential part of addressing a sports injury is not to panic and be calm. The most preferred home treatment involves applying the R.I.C.E. treatment plan: Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation.
Most of the times it is over exertion and rest come handy here. Stop using that area and give it rest for around 24-48 hours. For giving rest on the weight-bearing joints like knees and ankles, it is advised to temporarily shift the weight on the other leg, restrict movement and use ancillary support like crutches to settle down. Most of the times the injuries improve with proper rest.
Ice helps in immediately soothing the pain and swelling. Apply ice frequently. Use of cold packs can be done as well, since they are easy to manipulate and can be plied to cover the entire area. The other way is to crush ice into smaller pieces.
Use of medical grade bandages is advised to apply pressure and help in taking care of the swelling and providing additional support. A key point here is to apply right amount of pressure, since applying very high pressure can lead to impeding the circulation.
Raising and lifting the affected areas can help in reducing the swelling as well provide rest.
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