Tonsils are lymph nodes located in the back of your mouth and at the top of your throat. They are responsible for removing bacteria and other pathogens. There are three types of tonsils, viz. palatine – located on the sides of your throat; pharyngeal – located in the back of your throat; and lingual – located at the base of your tongue. Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils, most common in children. It is the inflammation of the tonsils due to bacterial and viral attacks. While Tonsillitis is very painful, it can become frequent, especially in children. There are various home remedies and surgical treatments performed to treat Tonsillitis. This blog will discuss some easy & natural ways How to Cure Tonsillitis.

What causes Tonsillitis?

Tonsils operate as filters, trapping germs that would otherwise enter your airways and infect you. They also produce antibodies to combat infection. However, bacteria and viruses can sometimes overwhelm them, causing tonsils to swell and become irritated. Streptococcus is the leading cause of bacterial Tonsillitis, while adenoviruses, influenza virus, Epstein-Barr virus, parainfluenza viruses, enteroviruses, and herpes simplex virus cause viral Tonsillitis.

What are the symptoms of Tonsillitis?

Following are the few common symptoms a patient may experience if they have Tonsillitis –

  • Inflamed tonsils
  • Sore throat
  • Redness in tonsils
  • Pain in swallowing, drinking, talking
  • Fever
  • Hoarse voice
  • Bad breath
  • Cough
  • Ear pain
  • White or yellow coating on tonsils
  • Blisters on the throat

9 Ways to Treat Tonsillitis or a sore throat at home?

There are numerous ways to treat or kill Tonsillitis. Other than using medicines, the following home remedies are excellent in reducing the symptoms of Tonsillitis. 

Saltwater gargles – 

Gargling with salt water may relieve pain or tingling of your tonsils for a brief period. To prepare it, add a teaspoon of salt to a glass of lukewarm water and swirl the solution until the salt dissolves. Use this to gargle for a few seconds before spitting it out. Repeat it at least 2-3 a day for quick effect. Gargling is not recommended for young children due to the risk of inhaling the fluid and choking.

Eat licorice lozenges – 

Licorice-containing lozenges have powerful anti-inflammatory properties that relieve pain and swelling in the tonsils and throat. You should avoid giving Lozenges to young children as they can choke on them; instead, use throat sprays.

Drink warm beverages with raw honey –

 Warm beverages soothe the discomfort caused by Tonsillitis. Raw honey has potent antibacterial qualities, so it may aid in treating Tonsillitis. You can drink warm green tea, ginger tea, fennel tea, and black tea and pour a spoonful of raw honey for the best results.

Avoid hard foods – 

Eating hard or spiky foods can be uncomfortable and painful for persons suffering from Tonsillitis. Hard foods can scratch the throat, causing irritation and inflammation. Instead, eat softer, easier-to-swallow foods like soups, broths, curries, smoothies, and khichdi until their symptoms decrease. The following foods should be avoided:

  • Chips
  • Crackers
  • Dry cereal
  • Toast
  • Raw carrots
  • Raw apples

Eating cold foods – 

Cold can be extremely useful in reducing the pain, inflammation, and swelling associated with Tonsillitis. Frozen and chilled foods and drinks can be especially beneficial to small children who cannot use other home cures properly. However, it might numb the throat and provide temporary pain relief. You can eat/drink any of the following:

  • Popsicles
  • Ice-creams
  • Ice chips
  • Chilled smoothies
  • Frozen yogurt
  • Ice cold water

Also, Read 7 Reasons Why You Have White Spots on the Throat?

Use Indoor Humidifiers –

 Dry air can aggravate a sore throat and Tonsillitis. Dry air may irritate the throat, and humidifiers can help relieve throat and tonsil irritation by reintroducing moisture into the air. A cold mist humidifier can assist in returning moisture to the air, which helps to relieve throat irritation. Humidifiers should be cleaned daily to prevent the growth of hazardous mold and germs. If you don’t have a humidifier and need immediate relief, sitting in a room filled with steam from the shower will offer humidity that can alleviate symptoms.

Eat ginger and fennel –

 Ginger and fennel possess anti-inflammatory properties. It can aid in less swelling and discomfort of the tonsils. You can drink ginger and fennel tea or use them as condiments in your dishes.

Avoid straining your voice – 

When your tonsils swell, your voice may become husky and muffled. If speaking causes pain, try to relax the voice as much as possible. Do not strain your tonsils by shouting, screaming, or raising your voice, as it can cause greater throat pain. You should also see a doctor because trouble speaking can sometimes indicate a problem.

Get rest – 

Tonsillitis patients should take as much rest as possible. Resting allows the body to combat viral or bacterial infections. Continued attendance at work or school raises the likelihood of a person becoming ill for a longer period and may put others at risk of contracting the infection.

Also, Read the Top 3 Most Common Causes of Halitosis.

When to consult a doctor for Tonsillitis?

If you are experiencing immense pain and swelling in your tonsils and home remedies are not working, consult a doctor. Your doctor will prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like paracetamol, diclofenac, etc., and antibiotics like amoxicillin, azithromycin, cefixime, penicillin, cefadroxil, cefpodoxime, cefaclor, etc. You can find the best ENT doctor for Tonsillitis treatment through Credihealth. 

What are the risk factors for sore throat or Tonsillitis?

The most common risk factors for Tonsillitis are:

  1. Age – Tonsillitis affects children and the elderly more than adults. Tonsillitis caused by bacteria is more common in children between 5 and 15. Tonsillitis caused by viruses is more common in infants and toddlers. 
  2. Germ exposure – Children often spend more time with other kids their age at school, playground, or camp, making it easier for Tonsillitis to spread. Adults who spend much time around young children, such as teachers, may be more susceptible to Tonsillitis.

Also, Read Tonsillectomy Procedure: FAQs

Conclusion –

Tonsillitis is the inflammation of tonsils that viruses and bacteria can cause. After reading this blog, we hope you have understood that there are numerous ways to cure tonsillitis. A variety of home remedies like gargling with salt water, drinking warm beverages, avoiding hard foods, eating licorice lozenges, using indoor humidifiers, eating cold foods and drinks, etc., can effectively lessen the symptoms of Tonsillitis. It can be cured using antibiotics like azithromycin, cefixime, penicillin, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like paracetamol and diclofenac. This reduces inflammation, swelling, redness, and pain. 

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