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Best Diet For Hyperthyroidism & Hypothyroidism – What To Eat & Avoid

The thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped gland plays an important role in regulating a number of metabolic processes throughout the day. A patient suffering from thyroid condition experiences affected the efficiency of this gland. There are numerous disorders, all of which have a different effect on the thyroid gland. When the thyroid gland produces more than the required amount of thyroid hormones then it leads to hyperthyroidism. More often than not, hyperthyroidism becomes severe with excess consumption of Iodine or salt. However, some factors are also responsible for triggering hypothyroidism in one’s body. Which is why it is important to follow a fool-proof hypothyroidism diet. With that said, let’s also touch base with a basic hyperthyroidism diet plan.

What Is Hypothyroidism Or Hyperthyroidism?

To understand the mechanism of a hypothyroidism diet, or even a hyperthyroidism diet plan, let’s first understand what these conditions entail.

1. Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland is unable to produce a sufficient amount of thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones help ensuring gradual growth, and proper metabolism of a human body. Thus, people suffering from hypothyroidism may sometimes experience cold, fatigue, and increased weight.

2. Hyperthyroidism

Contrary to hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism is a condition in which patients experience a rapid heart rate, elevated blood pressure, and hand tremors. This condition triggers excessive production of thyroid hormone, which is harmful to the body.

How Does A Hyperthyroidism Or A Hypothyroidism Diet Help With The Condition?

A hypothyroidism diet or a hyperthyroidism diet plan may not directly help in treating those conditions. However, these diet plans are the best way for a patient with such a condition to get the right nutrients while avoiding foods which are harmful. For instance, in the case of hyperthyroidism diet, a patient needs to cut back significantly on Iodine consumption. Whereas, it is quite the opposite in case of hypothyroidism. Here are the basic essential vitamins, minerals, and nutrients for a patient with each of the thyroid condition.

Read about: Thyroid Symptoms in Men & Women.

Vitamins and Minerals Necessary In A Hypothyroidism Diet

1. Iodine

Iodine is necessary for a hypothyroidism diet because people with Iodine deficiency are more prone to the risk of developing a hypothyroid condition. While there are some supplements available in the market, doctors recommend only consuming Iodine in the form of table salt used in preparing everyday food.

2. Zinc

Zinc helps in activating the thyroid glands and produce necessary amounts of thyroid hormones. Eating zinc-rich foods will help in improving the patient’s conditions.

Vitamins and Minerals Necessary In A Hyperthyroidism Diet

1. Iron

Iron deficiency is one of the leading causes of hyperthyroidism. Moreover, iron is also important for other vital functions of the body. Iron carries the oxygen through the blood cells to every part and organ of the body.

2. Zinc

Much like in the case of hypothyroidism a high-zinc food is necessary for patients with hyperthyroidism conditions as well.

3. Calcium & Vitamin D

Calcium and Vitamin D are also essential for a hyperthyroid diet. Both Calcium and Vitamin D help in improving bone health.

Best Hyperthyroidism Diet

Here are some of the foods included in a hyperthyroidism diet.

1. Berries

Berries of all kinds, like, strawberries, blueberries, raspberries pack a powerful punch because they’re rich in antioxidants, which keep the immune system strong. Eating a serving of berries every day is beneficial for patients with hyperthyroidism conditions.

2. Broccoli

Broccoli is part of the goitrogen family. Adding broccoli to the diet plan can help to decrease the amount of thyroid hormone that the thyroid gland produces.

3. Yogurt Or Other Suitable Dairy Products

Bone weakening is a common effect of hyperthyroidism which can further lead to osteoporosis. Consuming dairy products like yogurt, milk or cheese can help in maintaining calcium levels in the body,

Best Hypothyroidism Diet

Here are all the foods which are suitable for a hypothyroidism diet.

1. Eggs

A whole contains a sufficient amount of iodine and selenium. Also, the egg whites are rich in protein

2. Meats

All kinds of meat including lamb and chicken are suitable for a hypothyroidism diet.

3. Fish

Fish are rich in omega-3 fatty acids and Vitamin D and B-12. Thus, fish or seafood is a good addition to a hypothyroidism diet,

3. Yogurt Or Other Suitable Dairy Products

Much like hyperthyroidism, bone weakening also occurs in patients with hypothyroidism conditions. Consuming dairy products like yogurt, milk or cheese can help in maintaining calcium levels in the body,

Take Away

It is fairly easy to lose track of what one puts on his or her stomach. However, with minor adjustments, it becomes rather convenient to make a diet plan. For instance, one could have gluten-free bread with eggs for breakfast, chicken salad for lunch, and boiled chicken with vegetables and rice for dinner in case of hypothyroidism diet. One of the best ways to speed up recovery is to ensure that the body gets the right nutrients via the food one eats.