What is Infertility? What are its signs and symptoms?
Infertility is the inability to get pregnant after a long period of trying. It usually happens after a year of unprotected sex.
Symptoms of infertility include:
- Painful or abnormal periods
- Skin changes
- Weight gain
- Pain during sex
- Milky white discharge from nipples unrelated to breast feeding
- Small, firm testicles (men)
- Problems with erections and ejaculations(men)
What causes infertility in Men?
- Hormone problems
- Genetic abnormalities
- Varicocele — an abnormal collection of bulging veins above the testicle; they’re the most common cause of correctable male
What causes infertility in Women?
- Irregular ovulation
- Poly cystic ovary syndrome
- Diminished egg reserve
Which risk factors affect men & women?
- Excessive tobacco intake
- Excessive alcohol intake
- Excessive use of alcohol
- Extreme weight gain or loss
- Excessive emotional stress
How can it be diagnosed?
- Semen Analysis (men)
- Genetic testing
- Testicular biopsy (men)
- Hormone testing
- Imaging tests (women)
- Ovarian hormone testing (women)
Who treats infertility and when to consult? What are the treatment options?
Watch Dr Suneeta Mittal, a renowned gynecologist from Fortis Hospital Gurgaon talking about Right Time for Couples to consult doctor for Infertility Treatment.
The treatment for male includes:
- Correction of hormonal imbalances using drugs
- Varicoceles are repaired with surgery to block off the abnormal veins
The two most commonly used methods are:
- Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI)
- In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
This write-up was contributed by Credihealth content team:
Credihealth is a medical assistance company that gives guidance to a patient from the first consultation through the entire hospitalization process. A team of in-house Credihealth doctors helps the patient find the right doctor, book appointment, request cost estimate for procedures and manage admission & discharge processes.
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