What is Infertility? What are its signs and symptoms?

Infertility is the inability to get pregnant after a long period of trying. It usually happens after a year of unprotected sex.

Symptoms of infertility include:

  • Painful or abnormal periods
  • Skin changes
  • Weight gain
  • Pain during sex
  • Milky white discharge from nipples unrelated to breast feeding
  • Small, firm testicles (men)
  • Problems with erections and ejaculations(men)

What causes infertility in Men?

  • Hormone problems
  • Genetic abnormalities
  • Varicocele — an abnormal collection of bulging veins above the testicle; they’re the most common cause of correctable male

What causes infertility in Women?

  • Irregular ovulation
  • Poly cystic ovary syndrome
  • Menopause
  • Diminished egg reserve

Which risk factors affect men & women?

According to Dr Nandita Palshetkar, a top gynecologist in India, risk factors of infertility typically include

For Men

  • Age
  • Excessive tobacco intake
  • Excessive alcohol intake

For Women

  • Smoking
  • Excessive use of alcohol
  • Extreme weight gain or loss
  • Excessive emotional stress

How can it be diagnosed?

  • Semen Analysis (men)
  • Genetic testing
  • Testicular biopsy (men)
  • Ultrasound
  • Hormone testing
  • Imaging tests (women)
  • Ovarian hormone testing (women)

Who treats infertility and when to consult? What are the treatment options?

Watch Dr Suneeta Mittal, a renowned gynecologist from Fortis Hospital Gurgaon talking about Right Time for Couples to consult doctor for Infertility Treatment.

The treatment for male includes:

  1. Correction of hormonal imbalances using drugs
  2. Varicoceles are repaired with surgery to block off the abnormal veins

The two most commonly used methods are:

  1. Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI)
  2. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

Credihealth – India’s No.1 Medical Assistance company

This write-up was contributed by Credihealth content team:

Credihealth is a medical assistance company that gives guidance to a patient from the first consultation through the entire hospitalization process. A team of in-house Credihealth doctors helps the patient find the right doctor, book appointment, request cost estimate for procedures and manage admission & discharge processes.

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