What is Laparoscopy?
- A surgeon accesses the insides of the abdomen by making small incisions in the skin by using a special type of surgical procedure known as laparoscopy.
- A small tube with a light source and a camera called a laparoscope is inserted through the incision
- The laparoscope relays the images of the insides to a monitor display (television monitor)
- The alternative names of laparoscopy are keyhole surgery and minimally invasive surgery.
What is Laparoscopic Surgery/ Minimally Invasive surgery?
- Laparoscopic surgery is a procedure by which the doctor inserts miniature instruments into the abdomen through another incision in the skin in addition to simply looking inside through the laparoscope
- Cutting, trimming, grabbing, biopsy etc. can be done using these instruments.
- The most common operations are:
• Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: the gallbladder is removed by using this procedure.
• Appendix removal surgery can also be performed through minimal invasive surgery
• Parts of the intestines can be removed using laparoscopic surgery
• Ectopic pregnancy can be treated by laparoscopic surgery
• Female sterilization can be done through this procedure
What are the benefits of Laparoscopic surgery?
- In comparison to the traditional open surgery, laparoscopic surgery subjects its patients to lesser pain.
- The recovery time after the surgery is also shorter.
- There is minimal scarring with laparoscopic surgery.
Which doctors perform Laparoscopic surgery?
Usually laparoscopic surgery is performed by a General Surgeon, OB/GYN.
What procedures can be done by Laparoscopic Surgery?
• The surgery for Crohn’s disease can be done using laparoscopic surgery
• The surgeries for ulcerative colitis and diverticulitis are also performed using this technique.
• Cancer, severe constipation and rectal prolapse related surgeries can be performed too.
Who is a good candidate for Laparoscopic surgery?
• An adult who is eligible for abdominal surgery is a good candidate for laparoscopic surgery.
• Any person without a heart problem is a candidate for minimal invasive surgery.
What are the preparations for Laparoscopic surgery?
- Food intake should be abstained from after the midnight before surgery till it is done.
- In case of the laparoscopic bowel surgery the patient is asked to endure a bowel cleansing procedure.
- In case of other health problems it would be advisable to consult your concerned specialist such as your cardiologist or pulmonologist.
What are the possible risks of Laparoscopic surgery?
- Minor bleeding might occur around the incisions in the skin,
- Intestines or certain blood vessels may incur accidental damages. This complication is generally rare.
- Anesthesia related complications may arise after the surgery.
- The incisions may get infected.
What is the recovery time after Laparoscopic surgery?
- Patient might be released on the same day of the surgery.
- The patient might be asked to stay in the hospital for about 1-3 days after certain procedures.
- Discomfort caused due to the incision around the belly button will be resolved substantially with the help of oral medications after the first 48-72 hours.
- You can resume your work a week after the surgery.
How much does Laparoscopic surgery cost?
- Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding costs around Rs 60000
- Laparoscopic Rouxen gastric bypass costs close to Rs 10800
- Laparoscopic gastric bypass will cost about Rs 564000