Amlodipine is a popular medicine used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension), some types of angina, and other conditions that may be caused by coronary artery disease. It is often one of the first-choice medication options for the above mentioned conditions. Amlodipine belongs to a medication class called "calcium channel blockers." This medicine works by changing the movement of the calcium mineral through the heart and the blood vessels. It helps with lowering blood pressure by causing the blood vessels to relax and widen throughout your body. This, in turn, also helps with chest pain since your heart does not have to strain itself by pumping as hard. Even though it is a commonly used medication, the question of Amlodipine being safe arises. It is known to cause some quite bothersome effects, such as swelling in ankles or legs, dizziness, fatigue, et cetera. You must know any side effects of amlodipine to avoid health issues.
What are the Warnings & Cautions of Amlodipine?Before including Amlodipine in your regime, inform your doctor about any underlying cardiac or liver diseases you might have. It is important to mention if you have congestive heart failure. You must confess to your doctor if you regularly consume alcohol. Alcohol tends to lower your blood pressure. There is also a possibility that it will amplify certain side effects of Amlodipine. If you are actively under treatment for high blood pressure, it is advised that you continue using Amlodipine even if you feel well. High blood pressure often does not have any visible symptoms. You may have to take your medication regularly throughout the rest of your life. Amlodipine is only a medication. It is a complete program comprising exercises, diet, weight control, and possibly other medications. You must follow the complete program for your treatment with discipline. If you take other medications for your blood pressure, you must mention them to your healthcare professional. It is crucial to note that it is normal for your chest pain to worsen when you start this medication or increase your dose. However, do not hesitate to call your doctor if your chest pain is concerning. Also Read: Steps to Prevent of Heart Failure
10 Most Common Side Effects of Amlodipine -It is necessary to note that you must not, at any cost, consume this medicine if you are allergic to it. Common side effects have been listed:
#1 Swelling in Your Legs or Ankles -Edema or swelling in your legs or ankles is one of the most common side effects of Amlodipine. It happens because Amlodipine dilates your blood vessels to improve blood flow and reduce blood pressure. However, this can cause an accumulation of pressure on the smaller vessels causing fluid to leak out into surrounding tissues. This happens in both legs, usually. Your healthcare professional might recommend elevating your legs periodically throughout the day or wearing compression socks. Check The Best Compression Socks
#2 Fatigue -Feeling tired or fatigued might present as a side effect of Amlodipine. It is common for blood pressure medications such as Amlodipine to make you feel tired or even exhausted. This side effect often improves as your body adjusts to the new medication or dosage. There are, however, a few things that you can do to boost your energy. These include regular exercise and making healthy food choices.
#3 Dizziness -Dizziness is a side effect of Amlodipine that is more likely to happen with higher doses. You may feel dizzy when you change positions. For example, when you go from lying down to sitting or standing up. You must be careful around sudden movements as such. However, it is also important to notify your healthcare professional if the dizziness becomes bothersome.
#4 Weight Gain -Typically, Amlodipine is not known to cause any weight gain by itself. However, if your body is retaining more fluid, changes in weight may be observed. This side effect is often accompanied by swelling in the legs and ankles. It is important to note that sudden weight gain is concerning if you have heart failure. This usually indicates that your heart is not pumping well enough, resulting in a fluid build-up in your body.
#5 Fast or Irregular Heartbeat -Fast or irregular heartbeats (heart palpitations) can be a side effect of Amlodipine. When it happens, your chest may feel pounding or fluttering. It's one of the side effects that is more likely to happen with higher doses. You must let your healthcare provider know if your palpitations are lasting longer or start happening more often. Immediate medical attention should be sought if other symptoms, like shortness of breath, chest pain, or loss of consciousness, accompany them.
#6 Nausea -Several medications are known to cause nausea, and Amlodipine is no exception. However, in the case of Amlodipine, the nausea is mild and rarely results in vomiting. You can take Amlodipine with or without food. If the nausea hits you after you take a dose, try it with food next time.
#7 Flushing -Flushing isn't the most common amlodipine side effect. But it can cause your skin to look red or feel warm to the touch. Some people experience it as a result of blood vessels widening. Flushing is more likely to happen with higher doses of Amlodipine. And women were also three times more likely to report flushing than men during clinical trials. As with several other side amlodipine effects, flushing should improve over time.
#8 Increased Urination -Urination problems are possible with calcium channel blockers, including Amlodipine. This is because they can interfere with how your bladder fills, contracts, and empties. You may notice that you must pee more frequently or get up at night to use the bathroom. People with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) may be more likely to experience urination problems with Amlodipine. But this can happen to anyone taking the medication. Talk to your provider if this side effect affects your quality of life. They may adjust your dosage or suggest an alternative medication.
#9 Erectile Dysfunction -Although not so common, people have reported erectile dysfunction as a side-effect of taking Amlodipine. It is, however, important to note that ED can have several causes, including high blood pressure. Furthermore, ED is a more likely side effect than other medications for blood pressure, such as beta-blockers and thiazide diuretics. If this is a side effect that you are experiencing, it is best to let your doctor know. They are the best candidates for determining the underlying cause and changing the course of your treatment if required. Also Read: How to Cure Erectile Dysfunction?
#10 Abdominal Pain -Although it's not particularly common, Amlodipine can cause abdominal pain. But this could be a sign of pancreatitis if accompanied by other symptoms, like nausea and vomiting, fever, and jaundice (yellowing skin and eyes). Acute pancreatitis can be life-threatening. Get immediate medical attention if these symptoms develop. Also Read: Chronic Abdominal Pain - A Cause Much More Than Digestion Issues
Conclusion -Amlodipine is a commonly prescribed medication for managing high blood pressure and certain heart conditions. While it can be effective in controlling these conditions, it is important to be aware of the potential side effects. Common side effects of Amlodipine may include dizziness, headache, flushing, and swelling in the ankles or feet. In rare cases, more serious side effects such as chest pain, irregular heartbeat, or allergic reactions may occur. It is crucial to consult with your doctor if you experience any concerning symptoms while taking Amlodipine.