In this article, Dr Nisarg Patel, one of the best IVF doctors in Ahmedabad talks about “The Effects of  Smoking on Male and Female Fertility”. Dr Nisarg Patel is the Director, Consultant Gynecologist and Obstetrician, Laparoscopic Surgeon and IVF doctor in Ahmedabad at Nisha IVF Centre.

He is a qualified obstetrician and gynaecologist with fellowships in Infertility & IVF, and Obstetrics and Gynecology Ultrasound from IKDRC, Ahmedabad. He has performed more than 8000 IVF cycles with a success rate of 60%.

Cigarette Smoking and Fertility

The negative health consequences of smoking, such as malignancies, emphysema, coronary heart disease, and other ailments, are well-known to the majority of the population.

 A lesser-known fact is that smoking has a negative impact on both male and female reproductive fitness as well as overall health.

Every man and woman should be aware that smoking, regardless of whether or not they intend to have children later in life, can significantly impair the fitness of their reproductive system.

Nisha IVF Centre is one of the most prestigious fertility clinics in Ahmedabad, India. Having years of experience, gynaecologists and IVF specialists have a very high success rate when it comes to therapy. 

It is one of the most reputable and trusted in vitro fertilisation centres in Ahmedabad, notes Dr Nisarg Patel one of the top IVF specialists.

The Effects of Cigarette Smoking on Male Infertility

Men who smoke have lower levels of sperm matter and sperm motility than those who do not smoke. Some study even suggests that male smokers are far more likely than non-smokers to produce sperm that has genetic abnormalities.

If the woman associate does become pregnant, the chances of the genetic damage being passed on directly to the growing kid or posing a threat to the mother’s ability to become pregnant are really significant.

Smoking (including second-hand smoke) can also cause sexual difficulties such as erectile dysfunction, which can have a knock-on effect on fertility in the long run.

The Effects of Smoking on Female Infertility

Smoking increases the time it takes for women to become pregnant when compared to non-smoking women.

 They have lower oestrogen levels, which prevent the improvement and maturity of the eggs from taking place. Smoking is thought to prevent proper ovulation by causing negative fallopian tubes and reducing the ovarian reserve, which is manifested mostly in terms of egg fineness and number.

Regarding women who are undergoing IVF treatment

Ahmedabad based Dr Nisarg Patel a top IVF specialist sats that Cigarette smoking has been shown to drastically lower the success rates of women undergoing IVF treatment.

In major part, this is because smoking leads to vascular problems, which prevent the embryo from implanting into the uterus’s internal wall. Because of this, women considering IVF procedures are advised to quit smoking prior to beginning any reproductive therapies.

Is it possible that smoking will have an impact on my children?

Men whose mothers smoked ½ % of cigarettes (or more) an afternoon had lower sperm counts than those whose mothers did not smoke. Smoking during pregnancy can also result in a child who is more restricted from the time of birth than at the beginning of the pregnancy.

Paediatricians have shown that children born with lower-than-expected birth weights are at greater risk for developing clinical problems later in life (together with diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease).

Children whose mother and father smoke are at an increased risk of developing sudden toddler death syndrome (SIDS) and developing severe asthma notes Dr Nisarg Patel a leading IVF doctor who hails from Ahmedabad.

The Implications for an Unborn Child

Even if a woman is successful in conceiving, the various harmful repercussions of smoking may prevent her from being able to conceive in the future. These are some of the ramifications:

  • The Baby’s birth weight has been reduced.
  • Premature delivery of a child
  • Deaths that occurred before the time period
  • Deaths as a result of the “surprisingly little child dying syndrome”
  • Congenital malformations are more likely to occur as a result of this.

Studies conducted by the American Society of Hematology (ASH) have also found that smoking hinders the development of a healthy reproductive mechanism within the unborn kid, which may result in decreased fertility within the male/female infant in the future.

For example, research has shown that women who smoke at any point during their pregnancy are at an increased risk of giving birth to male children who have smaller testicles and lower sperm counts. 

Children whose fathers and mothers smoke are significantly more prone to have respiratory infections such as bronchial allergies and wheezing than adults.

Smoking cessation may not be a simple process, but it is not necessarily impossible to achieve. While preparing for a child, it is not only encouraged but also critical that you reduce back and eventually give up smoking altogether.

 It may also necessitate a number of attempts and locations away from your home, but nothing will compare to the happiness you will experience when you are able to hold your toddler in your arms for the very first time.

Are there any benefits to quitting smoking in terms of increasing my chances of conceiving and having a healthy pregnancy?

Yes. Quitting smoking can improve fertility, despite the fact that the lower the egg delivery is, the more likely it is that the effect will be permanent. The cost of getting pregnant with headaches caused by smoking diminishes the longer a person has been free of the habit of smoking.

 However, research has shown that working in collaboration with your healthcare provider and/or a guided group increases your chances of success in quitting smoking substantially.

A nicotine replacement (such as nicotine gum or patch) and/or prescription medication is known as bupropion can sometimes help people quit smoking more quickly, and you could use these methods even while trying to conceive if necessary.

After assessing the risks and advantages of using those while pregnant, you and your healthcare provider may decide to continue using them during your pregnancy.

Disclaimer: The statements, opinions, and data contained in these publications are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of Credihealth and the editor(s). 

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