The successful trial of a Minimally Invasive Surgery termed as MIS was completed in 1987. Following the triumph of the delicate procedure which involved laparoscopic cholecystectomy, it gained recognition for minimizing incisions and preventing significant blood loss. The medical community saw this advantage and began designing robots to be used inside the operating room, all based upon MIS’ concept.

 

Spine Surgery with Robots

The medical industry searched for ways to adapt and reproduce more positive results from Minimally Invasive Surgery. Robotic engineers and private entrepreneurs were tapped by medical professionals to make robots specializing in surgical operations. The endeavor saw the introduction of PUMA 560 short for Programmable Universal Machine for Assembly 560 in the year 1985. PUMA 560 is the first surgical robot that completed an operation involving a brain biopsy.

By 1988, the robot known as PUMA 560 performed another procedure of the prostate. Discovering the potential with robots for treatments, the National Air and Space Administration or NASA initiated research to create their system able to accomplish surgeries while in space. The US Army joined the effort for goals of having robots heal wounded soldiers in a battle scenario. All these technological aspirations generated an advancement in Artificial Intelligence, computing power, and robotic systems with many applications in the medical field.

Today, robots in medicine are assisting surgeons across many subspecialties like gynecology, ophthalmology, urology, neurobiology, general surgery, and laminectomy. Spine surgery has recently accepted the benefits of robotic assistants. It can be observed with Joshua S. Rovner’s robotic spine surgery skills, for he is one of the surgeons who is board-qualified and trained to use breakthrough advancements involving robotic technologies designed for less-invasive procedures.

Robotic Spine Surgery is a thorough operation conducted upon an individual’s spinal structure that focuses on a minimally invasive surgical approach. Robots developed for spinal surgery give incomparable assistance in the operating room for a patient, the medical staff, and the surgeon. Several studies demonstrate that robotic surgeries have reduced intraoperative complications compared to manual hand surgeries guided by fluoroscopy techniques.

 

Benefits of Robotic Surgery

The field of spine surgery is the most recent one to incorporate robots’ use when it comes to medical operations. Historically, it first adopted the practice with the first and widely-used robot known as Spine Assist. The robot was developed by the Israeli company Mazor Robotics Ltd. and immediately participated in common medical applications upon its creation.

Medical Benefits of Robotic Surgery

Assisting Robots has provided multiple benefits while working with a team of skilled-surgeons; these are:

  • Completion of a Surgery with the Minimally Invasive Surgery concept.
  • Prevent the occurrence of hemorrhage or uncontrolled bleeding from:
    • Blood vessels close to the bone
    • Nerve Roots proximal to a bone
  • Prevention of:
    • Sensory Loss
    • Motor Loss
    • Blood Loss
  • Precise Cuts
  • Reduced Size of Incisions
  • GPS Guided Navigation
    • Helps the surgeon and the staff with certain procedures.
  • Collision Avoidance
    • Assists the surgeon in detecting collision when operating with deep structures in the bone,
  • Hand tremor elimination
  • Fatigue reduction
  • Consistent Fixtures
    • Robotic arms help maintain a level of freedom for surgeons.
  • Reduction in Radiation Exposure
    • Advanced Robotic assistance is designed to help the medical staff avoid harmful radiation emitted by fluoroscopy.

Also read about: [highlight color=”yellow”]Questions to Ask Before Spine Surgery[/highlight]

 

Robots for Spine Surgical Operations

Robotic-assisted medical operations have produced the development of advanced and refined machines. They are built to add precision when a surgeon performs the task while enabling tons of freedom and decreasing fatigue of the staff from long hours of work. Robots of today are capable of completing complex medical tasks.

Here are the best robots available for spine surgery:

  • Mazor Robotics
    • SpineAssist
    • Mazor: Renaissance
    • Mazor X
  • Globus Medical
    • Excelsius GPS
  • ROSA
    • Spine
  • Intuitive Surgical
    • Da Vinci Surgical System

 

Positive Clinical Outcomes with Robotic Spine Surgery

Studies and research after robot assisted-surgeries discovered that robotic screw placements were applied to the bones of the spine with greater accuracy with a lower percentage of error than conventional installations performed with Computer-Assisted Navigation. Serious risks and unwanted health outcomes to patients were decreased while providing precision and on-point application of delicate treatments involved in spinal operations.

 

Conclusion

The first spine surgery assisted by a robot was first completed with the automated system known as Mazor’s SpineAssist. Robotic Spine Surgery is the medical operation conducted upon the spinal assembly of a human being with robotic assistance and navigational systems. It is one of the types of surgery that focuses on generating results based on the minimally invasive surgical approach concept that lessens patients’ dangerous risks.

 

Disclaimer: The statements, opinions, and data contained in these publications are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of Credihealth and the editor(s). 

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