Spine surgery is a medical procedure that is performed with an aim of treating the chronic back or neck pain that the patient is suffering from. This procedure involves treatment or removal of herniated discs, treating vertebral fractures, spinal stenosis and bone spurs. The types of spine surgery include:
Spinal Fusion: Spinal Fusion is the most common spine surgery. An intervertebral disc is removed and replaced by a titanium cage. The bone grafts are then joined together and fuse together permanently over a period of time. This procedure is done to relieve the pain in the back, treat the instability of spine and to reduce the pressure on nerves.
Foraminotomy: In this type of surgery, the bone at the sides of the vertebrae is cut away to broaden the space at the points of exit of the nerves from the spinal cord. This procedure may result in instability of the spine in some cases and might require a spinal fusion to stabilize the spine.
Laminectomy: This procedure involves the removal of parts of bone, bone overgrowths or ligaments to relieve the pressure on the nerves entering and exiting the spinal cord. This procedure too may require a spinal fusion to stabilize the spine.
Discectomy: This surgical procedure is used to remove the herniated or slipped disc to relieve the pressure on the spinal nerves. A discectomy can be performed along with the other procedures including spinal fusion, foraminotomy or laminectomy.
Disc Replacement: This surgery includes the damaged disc in the spine being replaced by an artificial disk between the vertebrae.
Cervical Spine Surgery: This procedure is carried out to treat the pain and the damage in the cervical spine. This surgery usually includes a decompression surgery and a fusion surgery being carried out together in order to relieve the pressure on the nerves in the cervical spine and to maintain the stability of the spine.