Human body has several important joints that may suffer from injuries or damage over time. Mostly, a few tests help doctors determine the exact cause of the problem and treat it through medication.
Arthroscopy is the process of inserting minor surgical tools to visualize, diagnose and treat joint problems.
The process involves the use of a pencil sized tool that holds a micro camera and lighting system. The tool is inserted in a button hole like incision at the joint area that the surgeon makes and allows the surgeon and other doctors to visualize the internal structure of the joint area on a large screen, wherein they can understand and make out the flaws and injuries that need to be set right.
An injury in joints can be treated through medication. However, in some cases minor surgery is required. In case of a minor surgery, the appropriate tool is inserted and the minor correction is done. This could include trimming of a torn cartilage or addition of surgical cement in a replaced knee joint.
This process is highly important in arthritis diagnosis and treatment. Open surgeries like knee replacement of an osteoarthritis knee can be opted for on a later date after discussion of findings of the arthroscopy. Arthroscopy is also widely used in back pain treatment, although the technique of combining arthroscopy with open surgery is not very well defined.